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Artists in Exile, Part II

On this edition of Exploring Music, the theme is "Artists in Exile", which refers to "how refugees from 20th Century war and revolution transformed the American arts." On this and the previous program, you will hear stories of the appreciation of new places but also the terrible lonliness that comes from being in exile, forced from one's home by internal strife and placed thousands of miles away in a new world.

 
Program 1

Bill continues to examine composers exiled to America, beginning with music from Paul Hindemith. In his escape from Nazi Germany, Hindemith traveled to Turkey, England and Switzerland before coming to America. We hear from his Symphony for Concert Band and When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d.

Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphosis on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber, I
Cleveland Orchestra/Szell
CBS 7166 (LP)
:40
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Hindemith: Mathis der Maler (excerpt)
Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra/Kubelik
EMI 55237
:34
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Hindemith: Trauermusik
Orch/Reibold; Hindemith, vla.
Biddulph LAB 087
7:20
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Hindemith: Symphony in B-flat Major for Concert Band, I
Philharmonia Orchestra Winds/Hindemith
MER 75057
6:38
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Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphosis on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber, II
Atlanta Symphony Orchestra/Levi
Telarc 80195
8:09
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Hindemith: When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d (excerpts)
Atlanta Symphony Orchestra/Shaw; Stone, bar.; DeGaetani,ms.
Telarc 80132
4:01, 6:54, 3:55, 8:23
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Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes By Carl Maria von Weber, IV
Berliner Philh/Hindemith
Telarc 80195
4:36
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Program 2

Bill takes a look at composers who arrived in America between 1938 and 1939. We hear music from Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco who Arturo Toscanini invited to New York and Bill plays excerpts from Dr. Einstein’s Address about Peace in the Atomic Era by Stefan Wolpe.

Castelnuovo-Tedesco: Concerto No. 2 for Violin & Orchestra, I Profeti, II
Los Angeles Phil/Wallenstein; Heifetz, v.
RCA 7872
9:27
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Wolpe: Dr. Einstein’s Address About Peace In The Atomic Era (excerpts)
Mason, bar.; Shannon, p.
Bridge 9209
6:23
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Busch: Sonata for Clarinet and Piano in A Major, Op. 54
Friedli, cl.; Koello, p.
Ex Libris 6108
14:56
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Britten: Les Illuminations Op. 18, IIIb. “Antique”
Berliner Phil./Rattle; Bostridge, ten.
EMI 58049
2:06
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Britten: Sinfonia Da Requiem, II & III
Atlanta Symphony Orchestra/Runnicles
Telarc 60677
11:16
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Weill: Lost In The Stars – “Stay Well” from Lost in the Stars
Orch/Levine; Lenya, voc.
Sony 60647
3:08
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Casals: O Vos Omnes
Summit Brass
Summit 218
3:09
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Program 3

We open with music from a couple of modernist composers in America. Bill plays music by an artist composing in Los Angeles, your guess as to whom. We continue with music from Edgard Varèse and Max Steiner’s title music from Gone with the Wind.

Schoenberg: Suite for String Orchestra in G Major, IV & II
Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra/Mauceri
London 448619
5:45, 4:28
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Varèse: Octandre
Asko Ensemble/Chailly
London 460208
6:41
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Martinů: Symphony No. 1, I
Czech Philharmonic/Belohlávec
Chandos 8950
9:49
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Martinů: Sinfonietta for Piano and Orchestra, La Jolla, II
Bournemouth Sinfonietta/Vasary
Chandos 8950
7:56
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Stravinsky: Symphony in Three Movements, III
London Symphony Orchestra/Thomas
Sony 89910
6:15
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Stravinsky: Ebony Concerto, I
Woody Herman Band/Stravinsky
Sony 64136
3:29
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Steiner: Main Title fr. Gone With The Wind
Hollywood Bowl Orchestra/Mauceri
Philips 432 109
7:56
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Program 4

Bill considers the plight of composers who faced deportation from America because of their political views. He plays music from Hanns Eisler’s Hollywood Songbook, Lukas Foss’ Elegy for Anne Frank and Darius Milhaud’s La Création du Monde.


 

Koussevitsky: Humoresque, Op. 4
Karr, db.; Lewis, p.
VQR 2031
2:50
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Eisler: From Hollywood Elegies:
  “Unter Den Grünen Pfefferbäumen”
  “In Den Hügeln Wird Gold Gefunden”
  “Automne Californien”
  “Hollywood-Elegie #7”

Goerne, bar.; Schneider, p.
Decca 460582
5:36
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Weigl: String Quartet #5 In G, Op. 31, IV (excerpt), I
Artis Quartett Wien
Nimbus 5646
:54, 6:47
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Weigl: Symphony No. 5, Apocalyptic, I (excerpt)
Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra/Sanderling
BIS 1077
2:02
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Foss: Early Song fr. Three American Pieces
BSO/Ozawa; Perlman, v.
EMI 55360
4:57
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Foss: Elegy for Anne Frank
Pacific Symphony/St. Clair; Foss, p.
Harmonia Mundi 907243
6:04
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Milhaud: La Création du Monde, Pts. I & II
Lyon Opera Orchestra/Nagano
Erato 45820
5:24
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Milhaud: La Carnaval à la Nouvelle-Orléans, Op. 275, II
Yarborugh & Cowan, pfs.
Orion 78297
2:46
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Milhaud: Suite Française, III
President’s Own US Marine Band
Altissimo 75442270512
1:53
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Waxman: A Place in the Sun Suite
Hollywood Bowl Orchestra/Waxman
Sony Classical NPR Milestones 60991
8:11
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Program 5

We finish our examination of artists in exile with work from composers from Asia and Latin America. We hear from female composers Chen Yi and Gabriela Lena Frank, as well as Tan Dun’s title song for Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon.

Bright Sheng: Seven Tunes Heard in China: I, V, VII
Ma, vc.
Sony 64114
7:07
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Chen Yi: Shuo
Ying Quartet
Telarc 80690
8:52
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Tan Dun: Main Title fr. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Shanghai National Orchestra/Chan Xie Yang; Ma. vc.
Sony 89347
3:24
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Tan Dun: Concerto for Pipa: III
Moscow Soloists/Bashmet; Wu Man, pipa
Onyx 4027
4:45
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Frank: Cuatro Canciones Andinas For Soprano And Piano, I
Eyton-Jones, sop.; Ketter, p.
MSR 1344
3:06
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Frank: Sueños De Chambi: Snapshots For An Andean Album For Violin And Piano, I, II, III, VII
Guibbory, p.; Rubinsky, p.
MSR 1344
14:23
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D’Rivera: Aires Tropicales (excerpts)
Imani Winds
Koch 7599
5:00
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Astor Piazzolla: Otoño Porteño fr. Las estaciones porteñas
Barenboim, p.; Mederos, band.; Console, db.
Teldec 13474
4:53
Purchase

 

The Exploring Music streaming website is made possible by Mr. & Mrs. William Gardner Brown and Susan & Richard Kiphart.
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