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Respighi

On this edition of Exploring Music, we examine Respighi, a Bolognese composer who proved that Italian composers could write great symphonic works in addition to operas.

 
Program 1

Resphigi begins showcasing his compositions at age 17, and he provides Italian composers with the reputation of their mastery in orchestral music. Bill samples the trills within Resphigi's work, and the mystery throughout on the keys, as Bill compares his music to such composers as Mahler and Mendelssohn. Resphigi's career launches. 

Ottorino Respighi: Concerto Gregoriano- Finale (excerpt)
Singapore Symphony Orchestra/Takako Nishizaki
Marco Polo 8.220152
1:00
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Respighi: “Notturno” 
Leonardo De Lisi, ten.; Reinild Mees, p.
Channel 9396
2:53
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Respighi: Wind Quintet
 II. Andante con variazioni
Ex Novo Ensemble de Venezia
Dynamic 099
4:06
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Respighi: Symphonic Variations
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra/Adriano
Marco Polo 8.223348
12:24
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Respighi: Suite In E, II
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra/Adriano
Marco Polo 8.223348
8:05
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Respighi: Burlesca
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra
Marco Polo 8.223348
7:22
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Respighi: Adagio Con Variazioni, P 188
Orchestre De Paris/Semyon Bychkov; Mischa Maisky, vc.
DG 435781
12:54
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Program 2

Respighi is inspired by 19th century poetry, including that of Percy Bysshe Shelley's work. "Aretusa" is a piece about the escape of Aretusa, the water nymph, who is captured by the river god, Alpheus. Respighi explores his own path of music, one that does not abide by the traditions of the 20th century, and introduces one of his most famous pieces to prequel the Pines of Rome. Here is Fountains of Rome of Ottorino Respighi.

Ottorino Respighi: Quartet In D Major I & IV
Brodsky Quartet
Challenge Classics 72008
16:07
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Respighi: “Aretusa”
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra/Adriano;
Faridah Subrata, ms.
Naxos 8.223347
12:20
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Respighi: Dance Of The Gnomes- Allegro
Minnesota Orchestra/Eiji Oue
RR 95
4:48
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Respighi: Fountains of Rome
Philadelphia Orchestra/Riccardo Muti
EMI 47316
15:22
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Program 3

Surround yourself with the smell of pine trees with the sequel to Fountains of Rome, of Respighi. Here is Pines of Rome, a piece that narrates the image of children playing just before dusk takes over. Respighi gains an interest in Gregorian chant, and his Concerto Gregoriano is inspired by just that genre. And in Pines of Rome, hear the nightingales chant upon the arrival of the darkness within the pines.

Rossini (arr. Respighi): La Boutique Fantastique- Overture (excerpt), Tarantella & Danse Cosaque
Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra/Jesús Lopez-Cobos
Telarc 80396
1:38, 4:21
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Respighi: Belfagor Overture
London Symphony Orchestra/Lamberto Gardelli
EMI 69358
11:26
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Respighi: Concerto Gregoriano- Andante Tranquillo
Singapore Symphony Orchestra/Takako Nishizaki
Marco Polo 8.220152
10:17
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Respighi: Pines of Rome
Philadelphia Orchestra/Muti
EMI 47316
22:09
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Program 4

Following Pines of Rome and Fountains of Rome, Respighi continues to employ a mystery throughout his music, here beginning with the ominous symbol of the snake of Butantan. Bill samples the solemn, beautiful sound of two English horns paired with the solo violin in Poema Autunnale for Violin and Orchestra of Respighi. Then, immerse yourself in a series of stained-glass windows with Church Windows. Inspiration from bible scriptures are evident here, as is the sound of a victory against a vicious dragon.

Ottorino Respighi: Brazilian Impressions – Butantan
London Symphony Orchestra/Antal Doráti
Mercury 432007
4:47, 1:23
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Respighi: Poema Autunnale for Violin and Orchestra
Monte Carlo Philharmonic/Yakov Kreizberg; Julia Fischer, v.
Decca B001553502
14:21
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Respighi: Church Windows
 I. The Flight Into Egypt
 II. Saint Michael The Archangel
 III. The Matins Of Saint Clare
 IV. Saint Gregory The Great
Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra/Jesús López-Cobos
Telarc 80356
:34, :22, 27:51
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Respighi: La Pentola Magica- Preludio (excerpt)
Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra/Jakub Francisci
Naxos 8.223346
1:27
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Program 5

A number of birds are characterized here by Respighi in Gli Uccelli. Bill samples the "cuckoo" sound heard within this series of flocking. But first, an encounter with an American woman, Elizabeth Coolidge, lands Respighi a commission to write Trittico Botticelliano. Finally, Respighi writes yet another piece about Rome, following his Pines of Rome and Fountains of Rome, which narrates the chanting, tumult and then joyful resolution throughout Respighi's favorite city.

Respighi: Trittico Botticelliano
 I. La Primavera
 III. La Nascita Di Venere
Academy Of St. Martin In The Fields/Neville Marriner
EMI 69358
10:12
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Respighi: Gli Uccelli (The Birds), P. 154
 I. Prelude
 III. The Hen
 IV. The Nightingale
 V. The Cuckoo
Orpheus Chamber Orchestra
DG 437533
1:15, 13:44, 2:26
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Respighi: Feste Romane
 I. Circenses (Circuses)
 II. Giubileo (Jubilee)
 III. L’Ottobrata (October Festival)
 IV. La Befana (The Epiphany)
Philadelphia Orchestra/Riccardo Muti
EMI 47316
23:49
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