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On this edition of Exploring Music, the focus is piano-man Chopin, whose work stretches from the most serene of nocturnes to a breakneck waltz lasting but a minute.

Program 1

Bill opens this week with the story of Chopin’s father Nicolas and his immigration to Poland. His marriage to Justyna Krzyżanowska produced a very musical family, one of which was their son Fryderyk. We hear Chopin’s first piano compositions as a young boy and teenager.

Chopin: Etude #12 in c minor, Op. 10, Revolutionary
Pollini, p.
DG 413794

Chopin: Contradanse in G-flat Major (excerpt)
Ohlsson, p.
Arab 6686
Chopin: Mazurka #47 in A Major, Op. 68 (excerpts)
Ohlsson, p.
Arab 6730
:20, :34
Chopin: Etude #2 in a minor, Op. 10 (excerpt)
Ohlsson, p. 
Hyp 44351
Chopin: Polonaise In G Minor, Op. Posth.
Garrick Ohlsson, p.
Arabeque 6642
Bach: Polonaise fr. Suite No. 2 in B Minor, BWV 1067
Academy of St. Martin in the Fields/Marriner; Bennett, fl.
Philips 470934
Chopin: Polonaise In G Sharp Minor, Op. Posth. 
Ohlsson, p.
Arabeque 6642
6:50, :32
Chopin: Introduction and Variations On A German Air "Der 
Schweizerbub" In E Major, Op. Posth (excerpts)
Ohlsson, p.
Hyperon 44351
2:11, 1:20
Chopin: Rondo In C Minor, Op. 1 (excerpts)
Chiu, p.
HM 907201
2:09, :57
Szymanowska: Prelude No. 1 In F Major, Vivace (excerpt)
Ciborowska, p.
Dux 450
Szymanowska: Mazurka No.12 In B Flat Major (excerpt)
Ciborowska, p.
Dux 450
Chopin: Mazurka #47 In A Minor, Op. 68/2 
Rubinstein, p.
RCA 5614
Chopin: Variations on "Là ci darem la mano" from Mozart’s Don Giovanni
Slovak State Philharmonic/Stankovsky; Biret, p.
Naxos 8501501
Chopin: Polonaise #8 In D Minor, Op. 71/1, Adieu
Ohlsson, p.
Arabesque 6642


Program 2

We start off with a recording of Rachmaninoff playing a Chopin waltz. Bill continues with music from Chopin’s time at the conservatory in Warsaw, including his Piano Trio in G-Minor and his first piano concerto.


Chopin: Waltz #10 In B Minor, Op. 69/2
Rachmaninoff, p.
RCA 61265

Chopin: Piano Trio In G Minor, Op. 8, I & IV
Ax, p.; Frank, v.; Ma, vc.
Sony 53112
“The Wish” - Op. 74, No. 1
“The Spring” - Op. 74, No. 2
Söderström, s.; Ashkenazy, p.
Lon 414 204
1:28, 2:21
Chopin: Piano Concerto #2 In F Minor, Op. 21, II
Philadelphia Orchestra/Ormandy; Rubinstein, p.
RCA 60404 
Chopin: Piano Concerto #2 In F Minor, Op. 21, III
Orch. Of The Age Of Enlightenment/Mackerras; Ax, p.
Sony 63371
Chopin: Fantasia On Polish Airs, Op. 13 (excerpts)
Philadelphia Orchestra/Ormandy; Rubinstein, p.
RCA 60404
Chopin: Etude #2 in a minor, Op. 10/2 (excerpt)
Chiu, p.
HM 907201


Program 3

We pick up with Chopin in his early twenties and we hear his second piano concerto, although it is marked his first due to the time of publication. Bill plays Chopin's Scherzo No.1 in B-minor, composed when Chopin heard of the fall of Warsaw to Russian forces in 1830. We hear of Chopin's arrival in Paris, as well as his introduction to the nocturne form made famous by John Field.

Chopin: Prelude #10 in c# minor, Op. 28/10
Argerich, p.
Phil 456703

Chopin: Piano Concerto #1 In E Minor, Op. 11, II
Philharmonia Orchestra/Kletzki; Pollini, p.
EMI 67549
Chopin: Piano Concerto #1 In E Minor, Op. 11, III 
LSO/Abbado; Argerich, p.
DG 449719
:39, 2:30
Chopin: Krakowiak, Op. 14 (excerpt)
Polish Radio National Symphony Orchestra/Kord; Ohlsson, p.
Hyp 44351
Chopin: Scherzo No.1 in B minor, Op. 20
Moravec, p.
Dorian 90140
10:12, :24
Chopin: "The Warrior" - Op. 74, No. 10
Skaluba, tenor; Malicki, p.
Dux 527
Variations for Piano in A Major, B. 37- Souvenir De Paganini
Barenboim, p.
EMI 85453
Bellini: “Ah, non credea mirarti” fr. La Sonombula 
Orchestra La Scintilla/Adam Fischer; Bartoli, ms.
Lon/Dec 4759077
Field: Nocturne #4 In A (excerpt)
O'Conor, p.
Telarc 80199
Chopin: Nocturne #19 In E Minor, Op. 72/1
Ohlsson, p.
Arab. 6653
4:44, :32
Chopin: Ballade No. 1 In G Minor, Op. 23
Cortot, p.
Sony 89698
Chopin: Prelude #11 in B Major, Op. 28/11
Argerich, p.
DG 463663
Chopin: Etude #9 In G-flat Major, Op. 25/9, Butterfly
Freire, p.
Decca 470288


Program 4

We continue with Chopin in Paris as we hear more of his nocturnes and etudes. Bill tells of the last time Chopin saw his parents and his relationship with George Sand, as well as the beginning of his declining health.


Chopin: Nocturne in D-flat Major, Op. 27/2
Rosen, p.
Musicmasters 67154
5:05, :34

Chopin: Etudes, Op. 10: Nos. 2, 3 & 4 
Chiu, p.
Harmonia Mundi 907201
Chopin: “Śliczny chłopiec (Handsome Lad)” fr. Polish Songs, 
Op. 74
Elly Ameling, s.; Jansen, p.
Philips 422333
Chopin: Nocturne #9 in B Major, Op. 32/1
Rubinstein, p.
RCA 5613
Chopin: Etude #12 in c minor, Op. 10/12, Revolutionary
Pollini, p.
DG 413794
Chopin: “The Sad River” fr. Op. 74, No. 3 (excerpt)
Söderstrom, ms.; Ashkenazy, p.
Lon 414204
Chopin: Impromptu #4 in C Sharp Minor, Op. 66, 
Rubinstein, p.
RCA 5617
5:15, :45
Chopin: Preludes, Op. 28 
Prelude #14 In e-flat minor
Prelude #15 In D-flat Major, Raindrop
Prelude #16 In b-flat minor
Argerich, p.
DG 415836
Chopin: Barcarolle in F Sharp, Op. 60
Zimerman, p.
DG 423090
Chopin: Prelude #3 in G Major, Op. 23
Argerich, p.
DG 415836


Program 5

As we reach the final years of Chopin’s life, Bill opens with his third piano sonata. We continue with several of Chopin’s favorite styles such as the polonaise, waltz and mazurka before we come to his death at the age of 39.


Chopin: Piano Sonata #3 In B Minor, Op. 58, III
Friere, p.
Decca 470288

Chopin: Cello Sonata In G Minor, Op. 65, IV
Ma, vc.; Ax, p.
Sony 53112
Chopin: Polonaise #3 In A, Op. 40/1, Military
Horowitz, p.
Sony 53468
Chopin: Polonaise-Fantaisie in A-flat Major, Op. 61
Pires, p.
DG 4777483
Chopin: Berceuse In D Flat, Op. 57
Kissin, p.
RCA 63259
Chopin: Waltz #12 in f minor, Op. 70/2
Waltz #14 in e minor, CT 222 
Waltz #9 in A-flat Major, Op. 69/1, L'Adieu
Lipatti, p.
EMI 62820
Chopin: Piano Sonata No. 2, II (excerpt)
Rachmaninoff, p.
RCA 62533
Chopin: Mazurka #13 In a minor, Op. 17/4,
Kapell, p.
RCA 68990
Chopin: Prelude #7 In A, Op. 28/7
Rubinstein, p.
RCA 6514



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