- Program List
Below are many of the more than 170 five-hour 'weeks' of Exploring Music have been created since 2003. The first seven minutes of every program are free to sample. Several entire 5-hour programs are also free to listen (marked 'free' below). For complete access to all of the shows, click here to become a subscriber. To sort through the shows by composers click here. To see the playlist for a given show, click on the show and then on the 'playlist' button beneath any of the five one-hour programs.
AA Green and Pleasant LandA Little Traveling Music, Please American Masters, Part I (FREE)American Masters, Part IIAmerican Masters, Part IIIAn Intelligent ConversationArias & BarcarollesArtists in Exile, Part IArtists in Exile, Part IIAutumn Leaves BBach Sleeps in on Sundays Bach to Beethoven Bach's Christmas OratorioBach's Not-So-Minor B-Minor MassBarberBartokBeethoven & that Danged Metronome Beethoven and the PianoBeethoven at Parnassus, Part IBeethoven at Parnassus, Part IIBeethoven QuartetsBerliozBernsteinBill's KeepersBrahms, Part IBrahms, Part II (FREE) Britten CCamille St-SaënsCello Concertos (FREE)Chicago Symphony Orchestra: The Big FiveChild's PlayChopinClowning AroundCoplandCoriglianoCzech out those BohemiansDDebussyDemons, Spooks and Other Things That Go Bump in the NightDirector's ChoiceDistant NeighborsDon't Shoot the Piano PlayerDvorakDvorák, Tchaikovsky & Borodin String QuartetsEElgarEspanaFFamilies of InstrumentsFamily MattersFauréFit for a KingGGame of Pairs, Part IGame of Pairs, Part IIGershwinGet the PictureGitana: Gypsy Music And Its InfluencesHHandelHaydn and Mozart QuartetsHHaydn SymphoniesHidden Gold, Part IHidden Gold, Part IIHindemithHoliday CelebrationHomageII Didn't Know About YouI Hear America SingingI Lost it at the Movies (FREE)In a Family WayIncidentally SpeakingIntimate VoicesInvitation to the Dance, Part IInvitation to the Dance, Part IIInvitation to the Dance, Part IIIIt Takes Two to TangoIt Was a Lover and His LassItalian SouvenirsJJanáčekLLatin CarnivalLes SixLife Among the Dead: Requiem MassesListener's Choice, Part IIListener's Choice, Part IIILisztMMagnificent MagyarsMahler, Part IMahler, Part IIMaiden VoyagesMendelssohnMendelssohn, Schumann and Brahms String QuartetsMerrie EnglandMozart at his Zenith (FREE)Mozart Piano ConcertosMozart's Birthday BashMusic for the MassesMusic in the Time of WarNNadia BoulangerNationalismNew Releases, Part IINew Wine in Old Bottles (Free)New York Philharmonic: The Big Five, Part INew York Philharmonic: The Big Five, Part IINielsenNinth SymphoniesNobody Ever Builds a Statue to a CriticOOrpheus in the New WorldOutward BoundPPastoral SymphoniesPiano ConcertosPolandPortraits in Black, Brown, & Beige, Part IPortraits in Black, Brown, & Beige, Part IIProkofievRRachmaninoffRavelRRespighiRussian Five: The Mighty HandfulSSchool DaysSchubert String QuartetsSchubertiade, Part ISchubertiade, Part IISchuman (William) SchumannShakespeare (FREE)Shostakovich, Part IShostakovich, Part IISibelius and GriegSounds of the City of Lights (FREE)SoundtracksSpring is HereSt. Matthew PassionStrauss (Richard)Stravinsky (FREE)Strings Plus OneTTchaikovsky, Part ITchaikovsky, Part IIThe Four SeasonsThe Proud Tower, Part IThe Proud Tower, Part IIThe Roaring 20'sThe Symphony, Part IThe Symphony, Part IIThe Symphony, Part IIIThe Symphony, Part IVThe Symphony, Part IXThe Symphony, Part VThe Symphony, Part VI (French)The Symphony, Part VII (Russian)The Symphony, Part VIIIThrough the Mail SlotTone PoemsToo Darn BigTriple PlayTudor MusicTwo Very Different Worlds Delius and HolstUUnder the Hood, Part IUnder the Hood, Part IIUnfinished SymphoniesVVariationsVaughan WilliamsVeniceVerdi, Part IVerdi, Part IIVienna, Part IVienna, Part IIViolaWWagnerWagner's Ring CycleWater MusicWhat Else Ya Got?William WaltonWind QuintetsYYou and the Night and the Music
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Brahms, Part I
Johannes Brahms was one of the biggest romantic composers. He was born in Hamburg in 1833 and grew up as a child prodigy. His musical talent almost brought his family to America, but after that plan fell apart, he stayed in Hamburg and studied with Edward Markson. Bill reads an excerpt from Markson`s writings about Brahms. In his late teen years Brahms worked on his classical music studies and compositions, while at night he played mazurkas and waltzes at seaport dives.
The first time he heard Schumann`s Paradies und die Peri, he did not appreciate the opening seventh chord, being quite conservative at the age of seventeen. In 1850 the Schumanns arrived in Hamburg for a concert. Robert performed some of his own pieces, and Clara played husband`s piano concerto in a minor.
After the revolution swept across Europe in 1848, it freed a lot of people in the east. A lot of people started moving west. Many Hungarian gipsies playing violin moved to Hamburg, bringin Hungarian gipsy music with them. Their music influenced greatly Brahms` compositions. Gipsy music became a great source of inspiration for him.
Edward Hoffmann made Brahms his recital partner and introduced him to Liszt in Weimar in 1853. Brahms was nervous to perform for Liszt, so Liszt sightread Brahms` scherzo in e-flat minor, which we can hear in Zimerman`s performance.
Beethoven heard Joseph Joachim playing Beethoven in Hamburg. They became friends. Joachim introduced Brahms to the Schumanns. Brahms performed his sonata in C major for them. Bill talks about the influences in this sonata.
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 21, Waldstein (excerpt)
Schumann: Paradies und die Peri(excerpts)
Orchestre Revolutionnaire et Romantique/Gardiner
Schumann: Piano Concerto in a minor, Op. 54 (excerpt)
Chamber Orch. of Europe/Harnoncourt; Argerich, p.
Hubay:On the Waves of the Balaton (excerpt)
Brahms: Piano Quartet in g minor, Op. 25, IV (excerpt)
Kremer, v.; Bashmet, vla.; Maisky, vc.; Argerich, p.
Brahms: Scherzo in e-flat minor, Op. 4
Phil 456 997
Chopin: Scherzo #2 in b-flat minor, Op. 31 (excerpt)
Liszt: Piano Sonata in b minor, S 178, (excerpt)
Brahms: Piano Sonata No. 1 in C Major, Op. 1, I & II
11:20 & 5:58
Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 29, Hammerklavier, (excerpt)
Schubert: “Der Leiermann” fr. Die Winterreise (excerpt)
Goerne, bar.; Brendel, p.
Brahms: “Liebestreu”, Op. 3 No. 1
Fink, ms.; Vignoles, p.
Brahms: “Frühling”, Op. 6 No. 2
Ameling, s.; Baldwin, p.
In this hour, Bill focuses on Brahms' continuing relationship with the Schumanns and several major works such as the Piano Trio No. 1 and the Serenade No. 1.
Bill reads a letter written by Schumann to Brahms` father, praising his son and sending him an article he wrote about Brahms. The article was read everywhere in wide circles. To show his gratitude, he dedicated his sonata in f# minor to Clara Schumann. Brahms later moved into the Schumann house after Robert attempted suicide in the Rhine.
F.A.E. "Frei aber einsam". Freely but lonely was the motto of Joachim, the violinist. Brahms, Schumann and Dietrich composed the FAE sonata together for Joachim`s birthday.
The connection between Brahms and the Schumanns was extremely complicated. He loved Clara, and loved and admired her husband as much as she did. But Schumann was in the asylum,and Clara was not allowed to see him. Brahms and Clara spent their time playing music and discussing music. In today`s broadcast we can also hear two romances by Clara Schumann, who wasn`t only an amazing pianist, but also a great composer.
Bill reads three letters at the end: one by Clara, one by Brahms to Joachim about his love for Clara, and a last one from Brahms to Clara after he left Dusseldorf, trying to stop his passion.
Brahms: Piano Sonata No. 2 in f# minor, Op. 2 (excerpts)
3:13, :35, 3:54, 1:41
Brahms: F.A.E Sonata for Violin and Piano, III
Milstein, v.; Bussotti, p.
Brahms: Piano Trio No. 1 in B Major, Op. 8, I
Szeryng, v.; Fournier, vc.; Rubinstein, p.
C. Schumann: Romance Nos. 1 & 3, Op. 22
Van Keulen, v.; Brautigam, p.
Brahms: Serenade No. 1 in D Major, Op. 11 (excerpts)
Scottish Chamber Orch/Mackerras
Brahms` piano concerto No.1. was greatly influenced by his experience of hearing Beethoven`s 5th symphony live in 1854. He had sketches written for a new piece but was not sure whether to turn it into a symphony and walk in Beethoven`s footsteps. He ended up turning the sketches into a piano concerto in d minor. The first performance of the concerto in Leipzig was not successful surprisingly .
In today`s hour we will hear the first movement of the concerto with the Cleveland Orchestra, conducted by George Szell and with Fleischer at the piano, and the second movement with the CSO, conducted by Reiner and with Rubinstein playing the piano. It is common belief that Brahms wrote this second movement as a requiem to Schumann, who was on his death at that time.
After the concerto we will hear the first and last movement from Brahms` Serenade no.2. in A major.
Brahms: Piano Trio in B Major, II (excerpt)
Szeryng, v.; Fournier, vc.; Rubinstein, p.
Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 1 in d minor, Op. 15, I
Cleveland Orch/Szell; Fleisher, p.
Brahms: Piano Concerto No. 1 in d minor, Op. 15, II
CSO/Reiner; Rubinstein, p.
Today`s broadcast starts with a Brahms song called "Nicht Mehr Zu Dir Zu Gehen", sung beautifully by Quasthoff. Brahms wrote it for Agathe von Siebold, a singer he got to know in 1858. Bill tells the background story.
The next piece will be Brahms` string sextet in G major.
After Schumann`s death, Brahms started working on some new sketches. In 1865 he recieved the news about his mother`s illness. He rushed to Hamburg, but by the time he arrived, she had already died. Between the two deaths Brahms started working the sketches together. He built the movements into Ein Deutsches Requiem, a German requiem. German because he did not use the traditional latin words to write a latin requiem. The words were the result of his own research. He studied scriptures and the Bible, and selected his own text.
Bill will focus deeply on Ein Deutsches Requiem in today`s and tomorrow`s broadcasts.
Brahms: “Nicht Mehr Zu Dir Zu Gehen” fr. Lieder & Gesänge, Op. 32
Quasthoff, bs. bar.; Zeyen, p.
DG 463 183
Brahms: String Sextet in G Major, Op. 36, IV
Berlin Phil Octet
Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem, Op. 45, IIV
Philharmonia Orch & Chorus/Klemperer; Dieskau, bar.
Brahms: String Sextet in G Major, Op. 36, I (excerpt)
Berlin Phil Octet
Yesterday Bill started discussing Brahms` German Requiem, and he continues with the piece today. We will listen to a recording of the V. movement by the Berlin Philharmonic under Simon Rattle, with soprano Dorothea Röschmann, and of the final two movements in the Philharmonia Orchestra`s performance under Klemperer.
The last movement ends with the word "selig", which means blessed. It is also the very first word of the Requiem. The piece starts with "blessed are they, who mourne" and ends with "blessed are they, who die in the Lord".
The next piece Bill focuses on today is Brahms` Cello Sonata No.1.
After writing his sonata in C major (the one he played for the Schumanns), Brahms composed three more, then stopped. The next sonata he wrote over ten years later is the Cello Sonata No.1. we will hear today with Leonard Rose and Jean-Bernard Pommier.
After listening to the Requiem and the Cello Sonata, Bill turns to lighter music: Waltzes for Piano Four Hands in Argerich`s and Rabinovich`s performance.
Brahms: Ein Deutsches Requiem, Op. 45, V
Berlin Phil/Rattle; Röschmann, s.