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The Gathering Storm: Music from the Great Depression to WWII Purchase Now 

“Brother, can you spare a dime?” To ask this question is begging for money, but to sing these words expresses the deep personal hardships of the Great Depression. 

 

With the stock market crash of 1929 and the Great Depression settling in, orchestras and record companies closed their doors, composers stopped getting commissions, and musicians joined the unemployment lines. Interestingly, during these hard times millions of people had a radio and they couldn’t get enough of the free entertainment. CBS, NBC, and many other stations acquired the bankrupt recording companies and started employing musicians in big bands, operas, and orchestras. Governments, seeing music as a healing force for the good of the people, stepped in by hiring composers to express this time in history.  This unique twelve years ended with the start of WWII and Shostakovitch composing his 7th symphony dedicated to the city of Leningrad.  This week on Exploring Music we will hear composers like Benjamin Britten, Samuel Barber, and Aaron Copland express these hard times."

 
Program 1

Irving Berlin: Puttin' On the Ritz
Fred Astaire, v.
The Irving Berlin Songbook
Itunes
2:53
 
Howard Hanson: Symphony #2, "Romantic"
I. Andante Con Tenerezza
III. Allegro con brio

St. Louis Symphony Orchestra/Leonard Slatkin, c.
EMI 47850
15:52
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Stravinsky: Symphony Of Psalms
II. Expectans Expectavi Dominum

Atlanta Symphony Orchestra & Chorus/Robert Shaw, dir.         
Telarc 80105
6:14
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Vaughan Williams: Fantasia On Greensleeves
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/ Bernstein
David Nadien, vn.
CBS 44724
5:00
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William Walton: Viola Concerto In A Minor
I. Andante Comodo

Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, André Previn, c.
Nigel Kennedy, vla
EMI 49628
8:47
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Heitor Villa-Lobos: Bachianas Brasileiras No. 2
The Little Train of the Caipira

London Symphony Orchestra,  Sir Eugene Goossens, c.
Everest 9007
4:41
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Jay Gorney and Yip Harbourg : Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?
Rudy Vallée, v.
Itunes
3:37

 

Program 2

Minnie The Moocher
Cab Calloway and His Orchestra     
Itunes
3:24
 
Maurice Ravel: Piano Concerto In G -
I. Allegramente; II. Adagio Assai; III. Presto

London Symphony Orchestra/ Claudio Abbado, c.
Martha Argerich, pn
DG 423665
22:14
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Paul Hindemith: Konzertmusik For Brass & Strings, Op. 50
II. Lebhaft, Langsam

San Francisco Symphony Orchestra/ Herbert Blomstedt, c.  
London 433 809
8:39; 00:43
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Richard Strauss: Arabella , Act 1: Ich Danke, Fräulein
Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra/ Christoph Eschenbach,c.    
Barbara Bonney, Renée Fleming
London 466314
10:33
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Duke Ellington: Mood Indigo 
Duke Ellington Meets Coleman Hawkins
Itunes
5:58
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Program 3

Maurice Ravel: Chanson à boire
Orchestre De l'Opéra De Lyon/ Kent Nagano,c.
José Van Dam, v.
Virgin 59236
1:45
 
Hindemith: Mathis Der Maler - 1. Engelkonzert
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra/ Paul Hindemith,c.       
DG 427 407
9:00
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Aaron Copland: Symphony #2, "Short Symphony"
III. Presto E Ritmico

Orpheus Chamber Orchestra  
DG 427 335
5:43
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Copland: El Salón México 
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Leonard Bernstein. c
Sony 64059
11:27
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Ralph Vaughan Williams: Dona Nobis Pacem
I. Agnus Dei II. Beat! Beat! Drums! 

Atlanta Symphony Orchestra & Chorus/Robert Shaw, c.
Carmen Pelton. soprano, Nathan Gunn, baritone
Telarc 80479
6:43
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Hindemith: Trauermusik:
I. Langsam; II. Ruhig Bewegt 
III. Lebhaft; IV.Sehr Langsam

English Chamber Orchestra/ Daniel Barenboim, c.
Cecil Aronowitz, viola
EMI 65079
8:02
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George Gershwin: I Loves You, Porgy
Bill Evans, Scott LaFaro, Paul Motian      
ITunes
2:40 excerpt

Program 4

Béla Bartók: Music For Strings, Percussion & Celesta, SZ 106
4. Allegro Molto  

Chicago Symphony Orchestra/ Fritz Reiner, c.
RCA 5604
6:42
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Sergei Prokofiev: Lieutenant Kijé Suite: opening
Chicago Symphony Orchestra/ Fritz Reiner, c.
RCA 5605
4:13
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Sergei Prokofiev: Romeo and Juliet:
Montagues And Capulets 
      
Leningrad Philharmonic/ Evgeni Mravinsky, c.
Russian Disc 11180 (Live)
4:43
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Dmitri Shostakovich: Symphony No.5  
IV. Allegro Non Troppo

Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra/Yevgeny Mravinsky, c.
Russian Disc 11180
10:53
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Roy Harris: Symphony #3
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Leonard Bernstein, c.
DG 419 780
18:33
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Harold Arlen, Yip Harburg: Over the Rainbow
Judy Garland, v. 
The Wizard of Oz (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)       
Itune

 

Program 5

Erich Wolfgang Korngold : The Sea Hawk - Main Title
André Previn: London Symphony Orchestra      
DG 471347
3:00
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Igor Stravinsky: Symphony In C - 1. Moderato Alla Breve
Chicago Symphony Orchestra/ Georg Solti,c
Stravinsky: Symphonies        
London 458898
9:36
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Bartok, Bela: Divertimento, III. Allegro assai
English String Orchestra, Yehudi Menuhin,c.
Nimbus 5086
6:48
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Paul Hindemith: Nobilissima Visione
Giotto frescoes, Santa Croce, St. Francis of Assisi
I.Eineitung Und Rondo 

San Francisco Symphony Orchestra/ Herbert Blomstedt:
London 433 809
7:21
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Benjamin Britten: Sinfonia da Requiem.
II. Dies Irae: Allegro con fuoco

The New York Philharmonic/John Barbirolli, c.    
BBC 4013
4:43
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Sergei Prokofiev: Alexander Nevsky, Op. 78 The Battle on the Ice
Fritz Reiner: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
RCA 5605
13:39
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Joe Garland: In the Mood
Glenn Miller and His Orchestra
Itunes
3:36
Purchase

 

The Exploring Music streaming website is made possible by Mr. & Mrs. William Gardner Brown and Susan & Richard Kiphart.

Thanks to Oxford Music Online, the home of Grove® Music Online and the access point for other Oxford online music reference subscriptions.

You have opened up the world of Classical Music to me, where previously, it seemed too complicated.
Steffen Demeter
This is simply one of the very best radio programmes in the medium!...The study of the people, the times, and the events that inform the music we otherwise enjoy and even, heaven forbid, take for granted, brings the entire world of the music and the composer to life.
Walther Davies
There isn't a program you broadcast on Exploring Music" that isn't of interest. I find them all engaging. It is a combination of variety of subject, intellectual curiosity and your obvious enthusiasm which characterize your satisfying programs.
Michael Sanders
It’s a great way to re-engage myself with consciousness before heading off to work.
Kourtney
I Love this program! I am in 7th grade and I am the complete opposite of the other kids. I am 4th chair in the orchestra and I love to read. But most of all, I LOVE classical music!
Claudia Wertz
Your show has helped open my mind and heart to this world of music, and every show I hear confirms my place in music and gives me new ideas for where I'd like to go with it in the future….I grew up with classical music as a child and always held it in my heart, but I didn't have the confidence to be a good student (or a good violinist.)
Christine Anderson
Listening to you is almost interactive.You invite us in with so many well modulated dramatic and informative comments, enticing, enthusiastic interpretations, and coherent, beautiful presentations. It's a privilege to follow you into the musical space you create.
Sally Rosenbaum
I just love this program. It is soothing and comfortable at the end of the day. I find his comments interesting, but they aren't so dragged out that there is very little music. The balance of both is just right.
Jean Quay
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