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Venice

This edition of Exploring Music focuses on sounds of the city of water and love: Venice. Venetians have been known for centuries to be able to turn their hands to anything and do it quite well, and judging by the great number of Venetian composers, music was no exception. Monteverdi, Palestrina, Vivaldi, Palestrina and Verdi feature. 

 
Program 1

Bill opens with the question, “Why Venice?” and continues with music from Orlando di Lasso of the mid 1500’s, including his religious and secular music. We continue with two major Venetian influences: Adrian Willaert of Dutch decent and Roman composer Palestrina. We finish with music from Giovanni Gabrieli.

Monteverdi: Vespro della beata virgine, Sonata sopra “Sancta Maria” (excerpt)
Cambridge King’s College Choir & London Early Music Consort
EMI 65339
2:42
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Lasso: Mass Qual donna, Kyrie
Christ Church Cathedral Choir
2:39
Purchase

Lasso: Gallans qui par terre
Toronto Consort
Dorian 80149
1:12
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Lasso: Un jour l’amant
Toronto Consort
1:32
Purchase

Willaert: Pater Noster/Ave Maria
Capella Currende/Erik van Nevel
Tel 80521
6:06
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Palestrina: Pope Marcellus Mass: Kyrie and Gloria
Choir of King’s College, Cambridge/Willcocks
EMI 65339
3:55, 5:47
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Gabrielli: Sonata Pian’e forte
Brass ensembles fr. Chicago, Cleveland and Philadelphia Orchestras
Sony 62353
4:16
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Gabrielli: Jubilate Deo
Monteverdi Choir/Gardiner
Philips 446116
4:52
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Cima: Sonata per il Violino
Romanesca Manze, v; North, th; Tull, hps. & org.
HM 907211
5:17
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Gabrieli: Canzon duodecimi toni & Canzon a 12 in echo
Brass ensembles fr. Chicago, Cleveland and Philadelphia Orchestras
Sony 62353
3:53, 3:26
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Program 2

We begin with more music from Gabrieli before moving on to Claudio Monteverdi. We hear a selection of his madrigals: the 2nd, 4th and 6th from Book III. We also hear excerpts from Vespers of the Blessed Virgin, written for performance in the St. Mark’s Basilica.

Gabrieli: Ricercare del duodecimo tuono
Wallace Collection/Wright
Nimbus 5236
1:41
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Monteverdi: 2nd, 4th, & 6th Madrigals from Book III
La Venexiana/Cavina
3:03, 3:17, 3:39
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Monteverdi: Vespers of the Blessed Virgin (excerpts) & Magnificat
The Monteverdi Choir; London Oratory Junior Choir; His Majesty’s Sagbuts & Cornetts; English Baroque Soloists/Gardiner
Archiv 429565
18:48, 17:31
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Program 3

Bill plays an excerpt from Monteverdi’s opera L’Orfeo, the story of Orpheus. We also hear two madrigals from singer and composer Barbara Strozzi, who lived during the mid 1600’s. Bill plays an instrumental ensemble from Heinrich Schütz, who arrived in Venice from Germany to study with Monteverdi. We end with one last piece from Monteverdi, Coronation di Poppea, composed just before his death.

Monteverdi: L’Orfeo (excerpts from)
Monteverdi Choir; English Baroque Soloists; His Majesty’s Sagbuts & Cornetts/Gardiner; Johnson, Baird, Dawson, von Otter, soloists
Archiv 419250
11:58
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Strozzi: “Bella madre d’ amore” & “Chi di noi”
La Venexiana
Cantus 9612
3:05, 2:34
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Schütz: “Fili mi, Absalon”
Period instrument ensemble, van der Kamp, bs.
Sony 68264
6:10
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Monteverdi: Coronation di Poppea (excerpts)
English Baroque Soloists/Gardiner; McNair, von Otter, Hanchard, soloists
Archiv 447 088
9:07, 12:00
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Program 4

We begin with an aria of an early Venetian opera, La Callisto by Francesco Cavalli and continue with a violin concerto from Dario Castello. Then it’s all about Vivaldi as Bill gives some history on this famous figure, we hear a couple of his concertos including ones for bassoon and flute, and we close with “Winter” from The Four Seasons.

Cavalli: “Ardo, sospiro e piango” fr. La Callisto
Scottish Chamber/Leppard; von Stade, s.
Elektra/Asylum 98504
3:32
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Castello: Sonata No. 1
Romanesca
Erato 75183
4:45
Purchase

Vivaldi: Violin Concerto in D minor, Op. 3 No.11: L’Estro Harmonico RV 565
English Concert/Pinnock; Standage, v.; Wilcock, v.; Linden, vc.
Archiv 423094
8:16
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Vivaldi: Sinfonia in b, RV 169: “al Santo Sepolcro”
Tafelmusik/Lamon
Sony 48251
4:00
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Vivaldi: Bassoon Concerto in C, RV 478
I Solisti Italiana; Turkovic, bsn.
Den 81757-9528
8:17
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Vivaldi: Flute Concerto, “Il gardellino”, I
English Concert/Pinnock; Beznosiuk, fl.
Archiv 423702
3:56
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Vivaldi: The Four Seasons, Op.8 No.4: Winter
English Concert/Pinnock; Standage, v.
Archiv 40045
7:45
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Program 5

We return to Vivaldi’s Four Seasons with excerpts from “Spring.” More Vivaldi follows with his Stabat Mater and Gloria. We move into the 19th century with music by Gioachino Rossini and Giuseppe Verdi with excerpts from their operas The Italian Girl in Algiers, Rigoletto, and La Traviata, respectively.

Vivaldi: The Four Seasons, Op.8 No. 1: Spring, I (excerpt) II & III
English Concert/Pinnock; Standage, v.
Archiv 40045
1:59, 2:40, 3:37
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Vivaldi: Stabat Mater
Concertgebouw/Negri; Kovalski, alto
Philips 289 462 170
2:00
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Vivaldi: Gloria (excerpts)
Atlanta Symphony & Chamber Chorus/Shaw
Tel 80194
2:21, 2:49
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Rossini: The Italian girl in Algiers, overture
Philharmonia/Giulini
EMI 69042
7:58
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Verdi: “La donne e mobile” (excerpt) & “Bella figlia dell’ amore” from Rigoletto
Rome Opera Orchestra & Chorus/Perlea; Merrill, Peters & Bjorling soloists
RCA 60172
2:19, 4:43
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Verdi: Act III Prelude & Finale from La Traviata
Royal Opera House Covent Garden/Solti; Gheorghiu, Lopardo, Beesley, Knight, & Nucci, soloists
London 448119
3:32, 4:48
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The Exploring Music streaming website is made possible by Mr. & Mrs. William Gardner Brown and Susan & Richard Kiphart.
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