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Symphony, Part 01

Part I of a massive series on examining the concept of a symphony, widely considered the most important form of symphonic music.

 
Program 1

Bill begins by examining the early origins of the symphonic form, as perfected by eighteenth century masters Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven. Beginning in 1618 with various "sinfonias" composed by Biagio Marini. He makes comparisons with Haydn's standard four-movement configuration, which had long done away with 17th century "continuo" bassline progressions present in Marini's pieces. 

Many of these 17th century Italian pieces titled "sinfonia," differ from their 18th century counterparts in their use of a soloist backed by an orchestra, or—in the case of the popular "concerto grosso"—a group of soloists in dialogue with a small orchestra.

Pieces such as a striking tone poem by Antonio Vivaldi, and a countertenor oratorio by George Frideric Handel, provide further examples of the varying forms that early "sinfonias" would take.

Tchaikovsky: Symphony No. 4, III (excerpt)
CSO/Solti
Lon 414192
1:16

Marini: Sinfonias: La Orlandina, La Gardana, & La Ponte
Convivium: Wallfisch, v.; Tunnicliffe, vc. & th.; Nicholson, org. & hps.
Hyperion 66985
5:32

Stradella: Sinfonia No. 22
Convivium
Hyperion 66985
6:44

A. Scarlatti: Sinfonia Avanti La Serenata ‘Clori, Dorino E Amore’
Europa Galante/Biondi
Virgin 45495
4:10

Bononcini: Sinfonia Decima à 7 for Two Trumpets and Strings, Op. 3
Philharmonia Orch/Warren-Green; Wallace & Miller, tpts.
Nimbus 5017
9:15

Vivaldi: Sinfonia in b minor, Al Santo Sepolcro
Leipzig Radio Chamber Orchestra/Kegel
Ars Vivendi 2100141
8:22

Handel: Sinfonia, “Frondi Tenere” & “Ombra mai fu” fr. Serses
Academy for Ancient Music Berlin; Scholl, cten.
HM 901685
4:51

D. Scarlatti: Sinfonia in G Major & Sinfonia in A Major
Europa Galante/Biondi
Virgin 45495
5:53

Program 2

Pisendel: Sinfonia in B-flat Major
Virtuosi Saxoniae/Guttler
Capriccio 10224
:36, 10:42

Fasch: Sinfonia in G Major
Paillard Chamber Orchestra/Paillard
RCA 5468
9:35

Telemann: Symphony in D Major, TV Ahn 50, No. 1
Musica Antiqua Köln/Goebel
Archiv 471492
4:50

Sammartini: Symphony in D Major
Ensemble 415/Banchini
HM 901245
5:56

Zelenka: Sinfonia concertante à 8 in a minor, I, II & III
Freiburger Baroque/Goltz
RCA 77339
14:56

Program 3

Solnitz: Sinfonia in A Major, Op. 3 No. 4, I
Musica ad Rhenum
NM Classics 92037
5:49

Boyce: Symphony No. 1 in B-flat Major
Academy of Ancient Music/Hogwood
Oiseau 436761
7:07

W. F. Bach: Sinfonia in d minor, F. 65: Adagio & Fugue
Tafelmusik/Lamon
Sony 62720
9:34

Fredrick the Great: Symphony in G Major
C.P.E. Bach Chamber Orchestra/Haenchen
Cap 10064
10:57

Mondonville: Sonata in b minor, Op. 3 No. 1
The Musicians of the Louvre/Minkowski
Archiv 474550
8:28

Mondonville: Amoroso & Gigue fr. Sonata Op. 3 No.6
The Musicians of the Louvre/ Minkowski
Archiv 474550
5:23

Program 4

J.S. Bach: Mass in b minor, BWV 232 (excerpt)
CSO/Solti
Lon 430353
1:03

C.P.E. Bach: Symphony in A Major, Wq. 182, No. 4, I
Academy of Ancient Music/Hogwood
Oiseau 417124
4:38

Stamitz: Symphony in G Major
Ostrava Janácek Chamber Orch/Dejmek
Panton 811201-2
7:09

Haydn: Symphony No. 8 in G Major, Le Soir
English Concert/Pinnock
Archiv 423098
:15, :56, 21:35

J.C. Bach: Symphony in D, II
Hanover Band/Halstead
cpo 9994882
3:00

Mozart: Symphony No. 41 in C Major, K. 551, Jupiter, II
CSO/Levine
RCA 61397
10:20

Program 5

Haydn: Symphony No. 104 in D Major, London, I & IV + III
London Phil/Solti
Lon 475551
15:21, 3:50

Beethoven: Symphony No. 2 in D Major, Op. 36
CSO/Solti
Lon 430320
31:58

 

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