- Program List
Below are many of the more than 200 five-hour 'weeks' of Exploring Music that have been created since 2003. To sort through the shows by composers Click Here. To see the Playlist for a given show, click on the show and then on the 'playlist' button beneath any of the five one-hour programs.
AACTIVE 3/1 - 3/14 Ravel, MauriceAmerican Masters, Part I American Masters, Part II American Masters, Part IIIAmerican Masters, Part IVAmerican Masters, Part V American Masters, Part VIAn Intelligent Conversation: String Quartets Arias & BarcarollesArtists in Exile, Part IArtists in Exile, Part II Autumn Leaves Autumnal Masterpieces BBach Sleeps in on SundaysBach to BeethovenBach's Christmas Oratorio Bach's Not-So-Minor B-Minor MassBallad of East and West Baltic MusicBarber, SamuelBartok, BelaBeethoven and that Danged MetronomeBeethoven and the PianoBeethoven at Parnassus, Part IBeethoven at Parnassus, Part IIBeethoven Piano SonatasBeethoven Quartets Berlioz, HectorBernstein, Leonard: The ComposerBill's Keepers Boulanger, NadiaBrahms, Johannes, Part IBrahms, Johannes, Part IIBritten, Benjamin Bruckner, Anton CCall for ScoresCarnegie Hall, Part 1Carnegie Hall, Part 2Cello Concertos Child's PlayChopin, FredericClash of the Titans Clowning AroundCopland, Aaron Corigliano, JohnCzech out those Bohemians DDebussy, Claude Demons, Spooks and Other Things That Go Bump in the NightDirector's ChoiceDistant Neighbors Don't Shoot the Piano PlayerDvořák, AntoninDvorak, Tchaikovsky & Borodin String Quartets EElgar, EdwardEmotion and Meaning in MusicEnescu, GeorgesEspañaFFamilies of Instruments Family Matters: All in the FamilyFauré, GabrielFit for a KingFleisher, LeonFour SeasonsFranck, CésarFrom the Mountains to the SeaFrom This Mighty River: Music of the Children of J S BachGGame of Pairs, Part I Game of Pairs, Part IIGershwin, GeorgeGet the PictureGitana: Gypsy Music and Its InfluencesGreen and Pleasant Land Grieg and SibeliusHHandel, George FridericHaydn and Mozart QuartetsHaydn SymphoniesHidden Gold, Part IHHidden Gold, Part IIHindemith, PaulHit or MythHoliday CelebrationHomageHow Strange the Change from Major to Minor, Part IHow Strange the Change from Major to Minor, Part IIII Didn't Know About YouI Hear a Rhapsody I Hear America SingingI Lost it at the MoviesIn a Family WayIncidentally SpeakingIntimate Conversations: Conversations with Samuel Rhodes and David FinckelInvitation to the Dance, Part IInvitation to the Dance, Part II Invitation to the Dance, Part IIIIt Takes Two to TangoIt Was a Lover and His Lass Italian SouvenirsJJanáček, LeošKKeyboard SmorgasbordLLatin CarnivalLes Cinq PlusLes SixLife Among the Dead: Requiem MassesListener's Choice, Part IIListener's Choice, Part III Liszt, FranzLittle Night Music Little Traveling Music, Please London, The Music of, Part 1London, The Music of, Part 2MMaestro, Part IMaestro, Part IIMagnificent MagyarsMahler, Gustav, Part IMahler, Gustav, Part IIMaiden Voyages Martha Graham and her MusicMendelssohn, FelixMendelssohn, Schumann and Brahms String QuartetsMerrie EnglandMillennium of Women in MusicMozart at his ZenithMozart Piano ConcertosMozart's Birthday BashMozart: Bright Lights, Big CityMusic for the MassesMusic from the Magic Box Music in 19th Century Paris: Waterloo to Bismarck Music in the Time of WarMusic of ScandinaviaMusical CryptogramsMusical LandscapesNNationalismNew Releases, Part INew Releases, Part IINew Releases, Part III, week 1 of 2New Releases, Part III, week 2 of 2 New Wine in Old Bottles Nielsen, Carl Ninth SymphoniesNobody Ever Builds a Statue to a CriticOOrpheus in the New World Outward BoundPPacific Overtures, Part 1Pacific Overtures, Part 2Pastoral SymphoniesPiano ConcertosPolandPorts of Call, Part I Ports of Call, Part II Poulenc, FrancisProkofiev, SergeiProud Tower, Part IProud Tower, Part IIRRachmaninoff, SergeiRavel, Maurice Respighi, OttorinoRimsky-Korsakov and His PupilsRoaring 20's Russian Five: The Mighty Handful SSchool DaysSchubert String QuartetsSchubertiade, Part ISchubertiade, Part IISchuman, WilliamSchumann, Robert Shakespeare Shostakovich, Dmitri, Part IShostakovich, Dmitri, Part IISlipped Through the Cracks Songs of PartingSounds of the City of Lights SoundtracksSpanish SchoolSpring is Here St-Saëns, Camille St. Matthew PassionStrauss, RichardStravinsky, IgorString Quartets from Fibich to SibeliusStrings Plus OneSweet Home Chicago Symphony, Part 01Symphony, Part 02Symphony, Part 03Symphony, Part 04Symphony, Part 05Symphony, Part 06 (French)Symphony, Part 07 (Russian)Symphony, Part 08Symphony, Part 09Symphony, Part 10 (Alexander Scriabin to Samuel Barber)Symphony, Part 11Symphony, Part 12TTchaikovsky, Peter, Part ITchaikovsky, Peter, Part IIThe Big Five I: Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Part IThe Big Five II: New York Philharmonic, Part IThe Big Five II: New York Philharmonic, Part IIThe Gathering Storm: Music from the Great Depression to WWIIThrough the Mail SlotTo the Finland Station, Part ITo the Finland Station, Part IITone Poems Too Darn BigTriple PlayTudor MusicTwo Very Different Worlds Delius and HolstUUnder the Hood, Part IUnder the Hood, Part II Unfinished Symphonies VVariationsVaughan Williams, RalphVenice: The Glories ofVerdi, Giuseppe, Part IVerdi, Giuseppe, Part IIVienna, Part IVienna, Part II ViolaViolin Concerto Virtuoso, The World ofVoices from the EastWWagner's Ring CycleWagner, RichardWalton, WilliamWater MusicWhat Else Ya Got?Wind QuintetsWunderkinder, Part IWunderkinder, Part IIYYin and Yang: The Play of Opposites, Part 1Yin and Yang: The Play of Opposites, Part 2You and the Night and the Music
- Listen to the Show
- About Exploring Music
New York City and Paris were the hip cities in the 1920s, and this program explores music from New York in that era.
In 1926, John Alden Carter wrote his ballet Skyscrapers which premiered at the Metropolitan Opera.
Next, we hear The Black Maskers Suite by Roger Sessions. Sessions wrote The Black Maskers Suite for a class play at Smith College in 1923.
Edgar Varese, wrote the next piece Octandre. We listen to a performance from 1924. Frank Zappa was a big Varese enthusiast.
Many composers of that era were fascinated by technology and machines, and the 1920s marked the development of the radio. In 1920, there were no commercial radio stations, and by 1922, 2.5 million Americans owned a radio.
One of the most machine-minded composers was George Antheil, born in Trenton, New Jersey in 1900. Antheil spent time composing in France before returning to America for a concert of his pieces at Carnegie Hall. Performed in this program are Airplane Sonata and Jazz Symphony.
George Gershwin also performed at Carnegie Hall, first with Rhapsody in Blue, and then with the piece heard here, Concerto in F. This piece was composed for the New York Symphony Orchestra and premiered in 1925.
The program closes with a perfomance of Duke Ellington's Creole Love Call. The Duke Ellington Orchestra began performing at The Cotton Club in 1927.
Carpenter: Skyscrapers (excerpts)
Sessions: Dance, Dirge & Finale fr. Black Maskers
Juilliard Orchestra/ Zukofsky
New World 368
Chicago Pro Musica
Reference Records #29
Antheil: Airplane Sonata
Albany Records #146
Antheil: Jazz Symphony (excerpt)
New World Symphony/ Tilson Thomas
Gershwin: Concerto in F (excerpt)
San Francisco Symphony/ Tilson Thomas; Ohlsson, p.
Ellington: Creole Love Call (excerpt)
The Duke Ellington Orchestra
There was a 1920s trend for American composers to go to Paris to study, and many worked with the famous French composer Nadia Boulanger. Three of her pupils, Walter Piston, Virgil Thomson and Aaron Copland are featured in this program.
Piston taught himself the saxophone while he was in the navy, and then applied to Harvard's school of music. From there he went to Paris to study with Boulanger. The work heard here is Three Pieces for Flute, Clarinet and Bassoon. It was written in Paris in 1925 and first heard in New York in 1928 at a Copland-Sessions Concert.
Next, we hear Copland's Music for the Theater. The piece was written in 1925 and is lyrical and jazzy, and also more accessible than some of his earlier writing.
Thomson, the last of Boulanger's pupils featured in this program, is also a great music critic. The piece heard here is a setting of texts by Gertrude Stein, one of Thomson's close friends. The featured movements are Susie Asado and Capital Capitals. Thomson's music is intentionally simple.
Next, we meet a composer who uses simplicity from a different aesthetic standpoint, Henry Cowell. Cowell was a concert pianist and is famous for using tone clusters. We hear Aeolian Heart where the pianist holds down the keys with the left hand and strums the piano strings with the right.
William Grant Still was one of the first African American composers to receive recognition in the 1920s. Still was born in 1895 in Mississippi and lived until 1978. Featured here is piece for piano. The larger suite is called Africa and the featured movement is Land of Romance.
The next piece is by Carl Ruggles of New England and was inspired by William Blake. It is called Men and Mountains. The program ends with Jerome Kern's Ol' Man River.
Piston: Three Pieces for Flute, Clarinet & Bassoon, I & II
Members of the Bohem Quintette
Copland: Music for the Theatre (excerpts)
St. Paul Chamber Orchestra/ Wolff
Teld 2292-46314 v b
Thomson: “Susie Asado”
Thomson: “Capital Capitals”
Kirby, Kelley, Sylvan, & Ripley, soloists
Cowell: Aeolian Harp
Still: Land of Romance from Africa
Ruggles: Men and Mountains, III
Cleveland Orchestra/ von Dohnanyi
Kern: “Ol’ Man River” fr. Showboat
This program focuses on Paris in the 1920s. For the first time in history, it was inexpensive for Americans to travel there, partially because the dollar was worth much more than the franc. American jazz was very popular in Paris, and the first Frenchman to bring jazz back to Paris was Darius Milhaud. He traveled to Harlem in 1921 and returned to France in 1923. That year he wrote his ballet La Creation du Monde.
The first dadaist composer was Erik Satie. His ballet Parade uses a typewriter, siren and a revolver, in addition to an orchestra. The writing was done Jean Cocteau. Satie became the "patron saint" of six composers known simply as Les Six. More on this group tomorrow.
Maurice Ravel, who lived until 1937, was another famous French composer of the era. Here is his Piano Concerto in G Major which was written in 1929. Though Ravel was a big fan of American jazz, there is little jazz influence on the movement performed here. The piece is dedicated to French pianist Marguerite Long.
Also written in 1929 is Jacques Ibert's Divertissement, which is actually incidental music for a play called The Italian Straw Hat.
Milhaud: La Création du Monde
Lyon Opera Orchestra/ Nagano
Ravel: Concerto for Piano in G Major, II
Orchestre de Paris/ Martinon; Ciccolini, p.
Despite actually being Russian, Igor Stravinsky was one of the most famous composers in Paris in the 1920s. His music combined the antiquity of Haydn and Bach with his 20th century sensibilites creating a neo-classicism. Stravinsky's piece Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra was written to be performed by himself.
Another Russian composer working in Paris at the time was Serge Prokofiev. His Piano Concerto No. 3 was completed in Paris in 1921.
Hungarian composer Bela Bartok was also living and composing there. At the time, he was performing a lot with violinist Jelly d'Aranyi. He wrote two sonatas for her in the 1920s. Performed in this show is Sonata for Violin and Piano No. 2.
A native of France and the only female member of Les Six was Germaine Tailleferre. She was born in 1892 and lived to the age of 91, composing almost up to the very end. Here is her Ballade for Piano and Orchestra.
Francis Poulenc, another member of Les Six and a favorite of Bill's, wrote his ballet Les Biches in 1929.
Stravinsky: Capriccio for Piano & Orchestra, I
Berlin RSO/ Ashkenazy; Mustonen, p.
Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No. 3, I
Berlin Phil/ Abbado; Argerich, p.
Bartók: Sonata for Violin and Piano No. 2, I
Kremer, v.; Maisenberg, p.
Berlin, "a troubled an interesting city," was also the home to many great composers in the 1920s. Eventaully, all of the composers featured in today's show relocated to the U.S.
The first of these was Paul Hindemith who served in the German army during World War One. Here is his 1921 piece, Kammermusik No. 1, which literally means chamber music.
Throughout this tumultuous time, many Germans longed for peace and structure, and that is evident in some of the music. Violinst and composer Fritz Kreisler, originally from Vienna, showcased this feeling in his piece String Quartet in a minor.
Another composer who relocated from Vienna to Berlin was Arnold Schoenberg, the developer of twelve-tone tonality. Schoenberg arrived in Berlin in 1925 during the period when expressive German cinema was flourishing. This program features a piece he wrote for an imaginary cinama.
Alban Berg was a student of Schoenberg's. Featured is a scene from his opera Wozzeck, first heard in Berlin in 1825.
Finally, we hear from Kurt Weill who worked with the German playwright Bertolt Brecht on his most popular work, the Three Penny Opera.
Hindemith: Kammermusik No. 1
Royal Concertgebouw/ Chailly