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The Big Five II: New York Philharmonic, Part II

We continue to look at the unique history of the New York Philharmonic. Just think about the audiences who were there before you: from Walt Whitman's  “silent sea of faces and the unbared heads” listening to the funeral march from Beethoven’s 3rd Symphony as Abraham Lincoln lay in state at City Hall, to the orchestra’s televised tribute to JKF led by Leonard Bernstein, and later still, the premiere of the John Adams On the Transmigration of Souls, commissioned by the Philharmonic to remember the victims of September 11, 2001. In celebration and in mourning, the New York Philharmonic has been there.

Program 1

Bill gives a quick overview of the early 20th century as he continues his in-depth look at the New York Philharmonic. Following the death of Anton Seidl, the Philharmonic flitted between conductors until finally settling on Gustav Mahler in 1909. Bill plays the first movement of Mahler’s first symphony, which Mahler conducted during his tenure with the New York Philharmonic, and then Mahler’s second symphony, which Mahler used in his first performance with the Philharmonic.

Manhattan: The Sidewalks of New York
The World's Most Famous Wurlitzer 153 Katy Lou, Band Organ,
America's Finest Carousel Music
GOLD 20 B00104WNUK

Mahler: Songs of a Wayfarer: "Ging heut' Morgen uber's Feld"{excerpt}
New York Philharmonic/Steinberg, Fischer-Dieskau,b.
Mahler Broadcasts 1948-1982 NYP 9801/02
Mahler: Symphony No. 1 in D major, I. Langsam 
New York Philharmonic/Barbirolli
Mahler Broadcasts 1948-1982 NYP 9801/02 
13 :58
Mahler: Symphony No. 2 in C minor ("Resurrection"), I. Allegro maestoso 
New York Philharmonic/Mehta
Mahler Broadcasts 1948-1982 NYP 9801/02
Debussy: Images, No. 2, Iberia,
II. Les parfums la nuit, III.Le matin d'un jour de fete 
Philadelphia Orchestra/Toscanini
RCA 60311
Program 2

Bill picks up with the history of the 1910’s and 20’s, including the death of Mahler in 1911. We continue with some of the New York Philharmonic’s earliest recordings, including Mengelberg conducting Strauss in 1924 and Toscanini conducting Brahms in 1835. Bill takes a side trip to the New York Symphony to hear music from Copland and Gershwin.


Alexander's Ragtime Band (excerpt)
Whitmarsh Recordings ASIN: B000R01CW8

Strauss: Tod und Verklärung, Op. 24 (excerpt)
New York Philharmonic/Mengelberg, April 2, 1924
The Historic Broadcasts - 1923-1987 NYP Archive 9702/03
Copland: Symphony For Organ & Orchestra I, mvt.1, mvt.2
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Bernstein; E. Power Biggs,organ
Sony 63155
Gershwin: Concerto In F For Piano and Orchestra mvt.2, mvt.3 
New York Philharmonic/Kostelanetz; Levant,p.
CBS 42514
Respighi: Feste di Roma, mvt.1 Circenses, mvt.4
NBC Symphony Orchestra/Toscanini
RCA 60262
Brahms: Concerto for Violin in D Major, Op. 77, mvt. 2, mvt.3 
New York Philharmonic/Toscanini; Heifetz,v.
The Historic Broadcasts 1923-1987, NYP Archive 9702/03


Program 3

Bill opens with a recording announcing the first time Leonard Bernstein took the podium of the New York Philharmonic in 1943. We hear the recording of Strauss’ Don Quixote from that night, as well as Stravinsky conducting his own Fireworks in 1946. We close with an excerpt from "On The Town," a glimpse at Bernstein's work during that time.

Star Spangled Banner
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Bernstein, Nov. 14, 1943

Strauss: Don Quixote
New York Philharmonic/Bernstein /Shuster, vc; Lincer, vla. 
The Historic Broadcasts - 1923-1987 Archive
Hindemith: Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Carl Maria von Weber: 4.Marsch 
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Bernstein
Sony 47566
Stravinsky: Fireworks, Op. 4
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Stravinsky conducting, Jan. 27, 1946
The Historic Broadcasts - 1923-1987 Archive
Stravinsky: Symphony In 3 Movements, 1. Quartet Note = 160
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Mehta
Teldec 46420 
Barber: Medea's Meditation and Dance of Vengeance Op. 23-A
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Mitropoulos
New York Philharmonic Special Editions - An American Celebration
Bernstein: Three Dance Episodes From "On The Town"
III. Times Square
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Bernstein
Pearl 5


Program 4

We continue with a focus on Leonard Bernstein and his tenure with the New York Philharmonic. We hear Bernstein’s Serenade for Solo Violin, played by the New York Philharmonic in 1990, following Bernstein’s death. Then Bill jumps back to music of the Philharmonic during its heyday under Bernstein’s baton with music from Ives and Mahler.

Bernstein: Serenade for Solo Violin, String Orch., Harp, and Percussion (After Plato's "Symposium"): Presto (excerpt)
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Slatkin; Dicterow,v.
New York Philharmonic Special Editions

Bernstein: Chichester Psalms – 1.Psalms 108 (Verse 2) & 100 2. Psalms 23 & 2 (Verses 1- 4)
New York Philharmonic; Camerata Singers/ Bernstein
The Historic Broadcasts - 1923-1987 Archive
Bernstein: Serenade for Solo Violin, String Orch., Harp, and Percussion (After Plato's "Symposium"): Agathon (Adagio)
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Slatkin, c./Dicterow, v.
The Historic Broadcasts - 1923-1987 Archive
Ives: Symphony No. 2, V. Allegro molto vivace
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/ Bernstein
Sony 60202
Corigliano: Clarinet Concerto - II. Elegy
New York Philharmonic/ Bernstein, Stanley Drucker, cl.
The Historic Broadcasts - 1923-1987 –
New York Philharmonic - Special Editions
Mahler: Symphony #5 In C Sharp Minor - 4. Adagietto
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Bernstein
Sony 63084


Program 5

We pick up after Bernstein retired as music director of the New York Philharmonic in 1968. Pierre Boulez comes on as the next composer/conductor in 1971, and we hear Boulez conduct Stravinsky’s Petrushka. Then Bill plays a couple pieces to focus on the great soloists of the Philharmonic as we hear more modern performances. We close with music performed by the New York Philharmonic following the 9/11 tragedy.


Stravinsky: Petrushka - The Shrovetide Fair, Charlatan's
Booth, Russian Dance
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/ Boulez
Sony 64109

Tan Dun: Concerto For Water Percussion And Orchestra In 
Memory Of Toru Takemitsu 
III. Allegro Molto Agitato 
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Masur 
New York Philharmonic Special Editions 
Rouse: Trombone Concerto II. Scherzo 
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Slatkin; Alessi.trb. 
New York Philharmonic Archives 
Zwilich: Symphony No. 3 II. Molto Vivace (Attacca) 
New York Philharmonic Orchestra /Jahja Ling,c 
New York Philharmonic Archives 
Strauss: Rosenkavalier Suite - 3. Moderato Molto Sostenuto; 
4. Quick Waltz 
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/ Maazel
DG 000789002 
Brahms: Ein deutsches Requiem Op.45 ‘Wie lieblich sind 
deine Wohnungen’ 
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/ Walter, Westminster Choir 
Sony 64469 
Adams: On the Transmigration of Souls (excerpt) 
New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Maazel, NY Choral Artists
Brooklyn Youth Chorus 
Nonesuch 79816 
Ravel: Introduction and Allegro For Harp, Fl, Cl, String Quartet (excerpt) 
Members of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra/Allen, h. 
New York Philharmonic Archive 



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