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We'll examine the history of Poland through the eyes of her best composers, including the likes of Chopin, Hakenberger, Gomolka and more.

Program 1

Bill opens this show on Poland with music of Chopin, who most people consider the preeminent composer of the country. We hear some early hymnal music of the 13th century before moving in the 16th and 17th centuries, which brought the migration of the Jewish people following the Spanish Inquisition. We close with another piece from Chopin. 

Chopin: Mazurka, Op. 7 No. 4 (excerpt)
Ohlsson, p.
Arab 0673

Anon: Sequentia de San Adalberto
Capella Cracoviensis
Lira Ensemble 0107

Wincenty of Kielce: Gaude Mater Polonia (excerpt)
Capella Cracoviensis
Muza 0294
Anon.: Bogurodzica
Capella Cracoviensis
Muza 0294
Anon.: Bogurodzica
Lira Ensemble
Lira Ensemble 0107
Mlkolaj of Krakowa: Rejoice, Polish Crown
Werner, o.
Muza 0296
Mlkolaj z Radomia: Piece Without Words (excerpt)
Music of the Wawel Castle
Muza 0296
:41, :41
Anon.: Inscription on the Tomb of Queen Barbara
Musica Antiqua Polonica
Muza 0296
Anon.: Song on Death of King Szygmund II
Musica Antiqua Polonica
Muza 0296
Cato: Fantazia for Four Viols
Musica Antiqua Polonica
Muza 0296
Gomolka: “By the Rivers of Babylon” 
Warsaw Chamber Choir
HM 2781094
Gomolka: “Clap Your Hands, All You Nations”
Warsaw Chamber Choir
HM 2781094
Bazylik: “Be Glad, Life-Giving Cross”
Collegium Vocale Bydogoszcz
Dux 0469
Bazylik: “Wisdom of the Almighty Father”
Collegium Vocale Bydogoszcz
Dux 0469
de Riveulo: “O vos omnes qui transitis”
Capella Gedanensis
Hakenberger: “Angelus ad Pastores”
Capella Gedanensis
Chopin: Andante Spianato & Grand Polonaise, Op. 22
Runsenstein, p.
RCA 60404 


Program 2

We pick up in the 17th century during a period of conflict. We hear a sonata performed by the Capella Gedanensis and a performance by the Lira Singers, based in Chicago. We hear music from Franciszek Lessel, Chopin's teacher Józef Elsner and female composer Maria Szymanowska.

Chopin: Mazurka No. 1 in G#  minor
Ohlsson, p.
Arab 6730

Förster: Sonata
Capella Gedanensis

Gorczycki: “Gaude Maria Virgo”
The Lira Singers 
The Lira Ensemble 0107
Lessel: Variations in a minor, Op. 15
Stercznyski, p.
Selene 9602.30
Hoffman: Sonata in F minor, AV 27 (excerpt)
Brunner, fp.
Hoffman: Sonata in c# minor, AV 40 (excerpt)
Brunner, fp.
Elsner: Sonata For Piano and Violin In F Major, Op. 10 No. 1, I
Trojanowska, v.; Tyszecka, p.
Dux 0451
Elsner: Overture fr. Andromeda
Opole Philharmonic 
Dux 0568
Szymanowska: Prelude No. 1 in F Major
Ciborowska, p.
Dux 0450
2:50, :15
Szymanowska: Prelude No. 13 In D Major
Ciborowska, p.
Dux 0450
Szymanowska: Mazurka No. 12 In B Flat Major
Ciborowska, p.
Dux 0450
Szymanowska: Dance Polonaise in b minor
Ciborowska, p.
Dux 0450
Szymanowska: Nocturne in A-Flat Major, Le Memure
Ciborowska, p.
Dux 0450
Chopin: Ballade No. 3 in A-Flat Major, Op. 47
Zimerman, p.
DG 463047


Program 3

We continue with the music of Frédéric Chopin and Stanisław Moniuszko. While Chopin's music is renowned, the work of Moniuszko remains mostly in Poland. We hear Moniuszko's Halka, considered Poland's national opera, as well as a polonaise and mazurka from Chopin.

Chopin: Introduction and Polonaise for Cello & Piano in C major, Op. 3
Sebok, p.; Starker, vc.
Mercury 434358

Chopin: Piano Concerto No. 2 in f minor, II
Philadelphia Orch/Ormandy;Rubenstein, p.
RCA 60404
Moniuszko: Overture, Polonaise, & Mazurka, fr. Halka
Polish Nat’l Opera Orchestra/Satanowski
CPO 999032
8:43, 5:00, 3:31
Chopin: Polonaise In A Major, Op. 40, Military
Rubinstein, p.
EMI 67007
Chopin: Mazurka Op. 17 No. 4 in a minor 
Horowitz, p.
Sony 30643
Moniuszko: “Kitty on a Fence”
Kusiewicz, Minkiewicz, Skaluba & Szmyt, vocals
Dux 0182
Moniuszko: “The Spinner”
Skaluba, ten., Malicki, p.
Dux 0527
Chopin: “Zyczenie (The Maiden’s Wish)”
Ohlsson, p.; Podles, alto
Dux 0510
Chopin: Piano Concerto No. 2 in f minor, III (excerpt)
Philadelphia Orch/Ormandy;Rubenstein, p.
RCA 60404 


Program 4

Bill continues with composers who came after Chopin and Moniuszko. We hear music from Henryk Wieniawski, Maurycy Moszkowski and Juliusz Zarebski, all from the mid-19th century. We then move to Ignacy Jan Paderewski with his Concerto for Piano in A Minor and Minuet. We end with music from Leopold Godowsky played by Jascha Heiftz.

Wieniawski: ScherzoTarantelle, Op. 16
Heifetz, v.; Sandor, p.
RCA 61733

Moszkowski: Guitarre, Op. 45, No. 2
Heifetz, v.; Sandor, p.
RCA 61733
3:04, :42
Zarebski: Lullaby, Op. 22
WiednerZajac, p.
Dorian 80121
Paderewski: Concerto for Piano in a minor, Op. 17, II & III
Polish Radio Nat’l Symphony Orch/Maksymiuk; Paleczny, p.
Sound 3446 
Paderewski: Minuet, Op. 14 No. 1
Rachmaninov, p.
Sony 62366
2:27, 2:19
Karlowicz: Concerto for Violin, Op. 8, II
BBC Scottish Symphony Orch/Brabbins; Little, v.
Hyp 67389
Szymanowski : Dance from Harnasie
Wilkomirska, v.; Chmielewski, p.
Muza 065
Godowsky: Alt Wien
Heifetz, v.; Sandor, p.
RCA 61733


Program 5

We open with Karol Szymanowski's Stabat Mater and continue with music from Witold Lutosławski. Bill plays two very different pieces by Krzysztof Penderecki before closing with a traditional Polish song and polka. 

Szymanowski: Stabat Mater, Op. 53 (excerpts)
Warsaw Nat’l Phil Orch & Choir/Rowicki; soloists
Muza 2352

Bacewicz: String Quartet No. 4, II
Szymanowski Quartet
Avie 2092

Lutoslawski: Bukoliki (excerpts)
WiednerZajac, p.
Dorian 80121
Lutoslawski: Symphony No. 3 (excerpts)
Elatus 0927490152
Penderecki: Anaklasis (excerpt)
EMI 65077
Penderecki: Aria fr. Concerto for Viola and Orchestra 
Amadeus Kammerorchester Posen/Duczmal; Zimmermann, vla.
Wergo 60172
arr. Górecki: “My Vistula, Grey Vistula”, Op. 46
Lira Singers/Nelson
Nonesuch 79348
Trad.: “Piesn o Wisle (Song About Vistula)”
The State Folk Song and Dance Company
Trad.: The White Eagle Polka
The Music Company
Chicago Polka 8401



The Exploring Music streaming website is supported by Mr. & Mrs. William Gardner Brown and the Richard P. and Susan Kiphart Family.  
You have opened up the world of Classical Music to me, where previously, it seemed too complicated.
Steffen Demeter
This is simply one of the very best radio programmes in the medium!...The study of the people, the times, and the events that inform the music we otherwise enjoy and even, heaven forbid, take for granted, brings the entire world of the music and the composer to life.
Walther Davies
There isn't a program you broadcast on Exploring Music" that isn't of interest. I find them all engaging. It is a combination of variety of subject, intellectual curiosity and your obvious enthusiasm which characterize your satisfying programs.
Michael Sanders
It’s a great way to re-engage myself with consciousness before heading off to work.
I Love this program! I am in 7th grade and I am the complete opposite of the other kids. I am 4th chair in the orchestra and I love to read. But most of all, I LOVE classical music!
Claudia Wertz
Your show has helped open my mind and heart to this world of music, and every show I hear confirms my place in music and gives me new ideas for where I'd like to go with it in the future….I grew up with classical music as a child and always held it in my heart, but I didn't have the confidence to be a good student (or a good violinist.)
Christine Anderson
Listening to you is almost interactive.You invite us in with so many well modulated dramatic and informative comments, enticing, enthusiastic interpretations, and coherent, beautiful presentations. It's a privilege to follow you into the musical space you create.
Sally Rosenbaum
I just love this program. It is soothing and comfortable at the end of the day. I find his comments interesting, but they aren't so dragged out that there is very little music. The balance of both is just right.
Jean Quay
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