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Musical Cryptograms

Musicians have long been told that their minds are similar to those of mathematicians. This week we'll discover and decipher codes, messages and meanings that have been hidden within pieces of classical music over the centuries. Some of these messages were encoded for the fun of the puzzle, while others held deep painful meanings.

Program 1

Antoine Busnoys: “A Que Ville”
Dorian 90184
Josquin Des Prez: Kyrie and Gloria fr. Missa Hercules
De Labyrintho/Walter Testolin
Stradivarius 33862
Trad: “L’homme armé”
The Tallis Scholars
Gimell 206
Des Prez: Kyrie fr. Missa L’homme armé
The Tallis Scholars
Gimell 206
J.S. Bach: Crucifixus fr. Mass in B minor
Lon 430353
Bach: Ricercare a 3 fr. Musicalisches Opfer
Gustav Leonhardt, hps.
Pro Arte 009
Bach: Musicalisches Opfer (excerpts)
Academy of St. Martin in the Fields/Marriner
Phil 412800
Bach, arr. Webern: Fuga a 6 Voci fr. Bach’s Musical Offering
Phi 432092

Program 2

J.S. Bach: The Art of Fugue, BWV 1080 - Contrapunctus 1
Pierre-Laurent Aimard, piano
DG B0010765-02
J.S. Bach: The Art of Fugue, BWV 1080 - Contrapunctus 5
Glenn Gould, organ
Sony 89344
J.S. Bach: The Art of Fugue, BWV 1080 - Contrapunctus 13
    Contrapunctus 13, Inversus

Pierre-Laurent Aimard, piano
DG B0010765-02
J.S. Bach: Die Kunst der Fuge, BWV 1080: Contrapunctus 9 
Akademie Für Alte Musik Berlin
Harmonia Mundi 902064
J.S. Bach: The Art of Fugue, BWV 1080 - Contrapunctus 14 (Unfinished)   
Pittsburgh Symphony Brass
Four Winds 3008

Franz Liszt: Fantasie & Fuge Über Das Thema B-A-C-H, S 529
Marc-André Hamelin, piano
Hyperion 67760
Arnold Schoenberg: Variations For Orchestra, Op. 31
    Introduction & Theme

City Of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra/Simon Rattle
EMI Classics 6785
Robert Schumann: Variations on the name "Abegg", Op. 1
Peter Frankl, piano
Brilliant Classics 92277

Program 3

Robert Schumann: Carnival, Op. 9
Evgeny Kissin, p.
RCA 63885
Schumann: Intermezzo fr. F-A-E Sonata
Ilya Kaler, v.; Boris Slutsky, p.
Naxos 8.550870
Johannes Brahms: Scherzo fr. F-A-E Sonata
Daniel Hope, v.; Sebastian Knauer
DG 477930
Schumann: Symphony No. 3 in E-flat, Rhenish, I
Vienna Philharmonic/Bernstein
DG 415358
Brahms: Symphony No. 3 in F, I & IV
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra/Abbado
DG 429765
13:39, 9:01

Program 4

Alban Berg: I. Thema scherzoso con Variazioni - Motto
Ensemble Intercontemporain/Pierre Boulez
DG 447405
0:28 (excerpt)
Berg: Lyric Suite: II. Andante Amoroso
Kronos Quartet
Nonesuch 79696
Berg: Violin Concerto Concerto, To The Memory Of An Angel     (excerpts)
BBC Symphony Orchestra/Paul Watkins; Daniel Hope, violin
Warner Classics  60291
0:41, 1:09, 17:05
Shostakovich: String Quartet #8 In C Minor, Op. 110
Emerson String Quartet
DG 4663284
Maurice Ravel: Berceuse sur le nom de Gabriel Fauré (excerpt)
Joseph Kalichstein, p.;  Jaime Laredo, violin
Koch 7726

Program 5

J.S. Bach: Canon Perpetus fr. Musicalsches Opfer
Gustav Leonhardt, Robert Kohnen, Barthold Kuijken, Sigiswald Kuijken, Wieland Kuijken
Sony/Seon 63189

John Corigliano: Symphony No. 1, Of Rage and Remembrance (excerpts)
National Symphony Orchestra/Slatkin
RCA 68450
7:07, 4:31
Edward Elgar: Enigma Variations
Philharmonia Orchestra/Davis
CBS 44788
3:38, :27, :36, :29, 4:51, :43, 3:57, 6:57, 7:51

Maurice Ravel: Minuet on the Name Haydn (excerpt)
Joseph Kalichstein, p
Koch 7726


The Exploring Music streaming website is supported by Mr. & Mrs. William Gardner Brown and the Richard P. and Susan Kiphart Family.  
You have opened up the world of Classical Music to me, where previously, it seemed too complicated.
Steffen Demeter
This is simply one of the very best radio programmes in the medium!...The study of the people, the times, and the events that inform the music we otherwise enjoy and even, heaven forbid, take for granted, brings the entire world of the music and the composer to life.
Walther Davies
There isn't a program you broadcast on Exploring Music" that isn't of interest. I find them all engaging. It is a combination of variety of subject, intellectual curiosity and your obvious enthusiasm which characterize your satisfying programs.
Michael Sanders
It’s a great way to re-engage myself with consciousness before heading off to work.
I Love this program! I am in 7th grade and I am the complete opposite of the other kids. I am 4th chair in the orchestra and I love to read. But most of all, I LOVE classical music!
Claudia Wertz
Your show has helped open my mind and heart to this world of music, and every show I hear confirms my place in music and gives me new ideas for where I'd like to go with it in the future….I grew up with classical music as a child and always held it in my heart, but I didn't have the confidence to be a good student (or a good violinist.)
Christine Anderson
Listening to you is almost interactive.You invite us in with so many well modulated dramatic and informative comments, enticing, enthusiastic interpretations, and coherent, beautiful presentations. It's a privilege to follow you into the musical space you create.
Sally Rosenbaum
I just love this program. It is soothing and comfortable at the end of the day. I find his comments interesting, but they aren't so dragged out that there is very little music. The balance of both is just right.
Jean Quay
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