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Gitana: Gypsy Music and Its Influences

For thousands of years the Romany people journeyed through Europe and beyond. Native music and that of these travelers combined to create an energetic and exotic confluence unlike anything else. Brahms and many other composers took hold of these sounds creating music “alla zingarese,” or in the gypsy style. When Yehudi Menuhin was a student, his teacher George Enescu took him to live in Gitana camps to learn from these creative musicians. Menuhin credits this experience as a fundamental part of his violin technique and music making.

Program 1

Antal György Csermák: Der Ruf in die Schlact from Vaterlandsliebe
Budapest Strings/Károly Botvay
Capriccio 10528

Sapo Perapaskero: Rustem
Taraf De Haïdouks

Franz Joseph Haydn: Trio No. 39 in G Major
III. Rondo a l'Ongarese: Presto
Andrew Manze, Jaap ter Linden, Tini Matoh
Erato 91728

Haydn, arr. R. Gaspar: Keyboard Trio No. 10 in E-flat major, Hob. XV :10, II. Presto
Robo Gaspar Banda/Paul Gulda

Johann Strauss, Sr.: Gitana Galop
Willi Boskovsky Ensemble

Taraf De Haïdouks: Dumbala Dumba
2:15, 8 of 12

Johannes Brahms: Hungarian Dance No. 2
Josef Joachim, v.
Pearl BVA 1

Johannes Brahms: Hungarian Dances: No. 5 in G minor
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra/Rafael Kubelik; Yehudi Menuhin, v.
EMI 62608

Franz Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No. 11 in A minor
György Cziffra, p.
EMI 31789

Lehar: “Hör' ich Zymbalklänge” fr. Zigeunerliebe
Italian Radio Symphony Orchestra Milan/Chichon; Elina Garanca, ms.
DG B001477

Kodály: 3 Hungarian Folksongs
David Oistrakh, v.; Vladimir Yampolsky, p.     
EMI 69367

Sergio & Odair Assad: Somogy's Dream
Nadja Salerno-Sonnenberg, v.; Sergio & Odair Assad, gtrs.
Nonesuch 79505

Franz Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2 in C-Sharp Minor
RCA Symphony Orchestra/Leopold Stokowski    
RCA 61567

Django Reinhardt: Gypsy Swing (excerpt)
Hot Club of Paris

Program 2

Hoagy Carmichael: Skylark
Carmen McRae

Zarko Jovanovic: Gelem Gelem Monika Koré
Excerpted from the movie Gadjo Dilo

Zarko Jovanovic/arr. R. Gaspar: Gelem, gelem lungone dromeja (I Have Gone A Long Way)
Robo Gaspar Banda
Gramola 98927

Márk Rózsavölgyi: No. 3 from 3 Czardas- Adagio sostenuto-
Allegro con Moderato
Budapest Strings/Károly Botvay
Capriccio 10 528

Albert Franz Doppler: Fantaisie pastorale hongroise, Op. 26
Ulrike H. Anton, fl.; Carlos Rivera, p.

Janos Bihar: Mikor a penze elfogyott (All the Money Spent)
Robo Gaspar Banda
Gramola 98927

Franz Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No. 13 in A minor
György Cziffra
EMI 56228

Franz Liszt: Hungarian Rhapsody No. 15 in A minor, Rakoczy
György Cziffra, p.
EMI 56228

Django Reinhardt: Crepuscule
Django Reinhardt band
Paris and London 1937-1948

Program 3

Csak egy kislány van a világon (excerpt)
Sandor Lakatos and his Gypsy Band

Copza Luca fr. Gadjo Dilo
Adrian Simionescu & Orchestre
Warner 3984-23045-2

Fritz Kreisler: La Gitana
Fritz Kreisler, v.
Rca 68448

Pablo de Sarasate: Zigeunerweisen, Op. 20
London Symphony Orchestra/Lawrence Foster; Gil Shaham, v.
DG 431815

Manuel de Falla: - “Canción del amor dolido” fr. El amor brujo
Orchestra Sinfonica Nazionale della Rai/Karel Mark Chichon; Elina Garanca, ms.
DG B00014777

Manuel de Falla arr by José Maria Gallardo del Rey: Siete canciones populares españolas - - 5. Nana
José Maria Gallardo del Rey, p.; Elina Garanca, ms.
DG B0014777

Bulerías Manitas De Plata 312
Gypsy Flamenco Manitas De Plata 2000
Vanguard 8018 ok
3:43, 1 of 10

arr. P. Gulda: Galantai Tancok 4 Dances from Galanta
Robo Gaspar Banda
Gramola 98927
8:01, 11 of 17

Ian Finkel: The Gypsy Virtuoso
Evelyn Glennie & the Black Dyke Band
RCA 63234
3:26, 9 of 15

Joe Zawinul: Stories of the Danube
I. The Beginning 5:49
V. Voice of the Danube
Brno Philharmonic/Richter 
Philips 4541432

Django Reinhardt - Hungaria (1939)
2:47, 6 of 50

Program 4

Traditional: Dumbala Dumba
Taraf De Haïdouks
Sapo Perapaskero
Cramworld Boooo24BFX

Traditional Moldavian Hora: Latcho Drom

Erno Dohnányi: Ruralia Hugarica, Op. 32c, Andante rubato
Oscar Shumsky, v. Seymour Lipkin, p.
Vestige Classics

Zoltan Kodaly: A Csitári Hëgyek Alatt
Anne Sofie von Otter, s. Bengt Forsberg, p.
DG 463 479

Zoltan Kodály: Háry János Suite, Op. 35A Song; Intermezzo
Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra/Antal Doráti
Mercury 432005
9:37, 1:29

Johann Strauss II: Die Fledermaus, Act II: Klänge der Heimat
Philharmonia Orchestra & Chorus/Karajan; Elizabeth Schwarzkopf, s.
EMI 69531

Giuseppe Verdi: Il trovatore: Vedi! le fosche notturne,"Anvil Chorus"
Milan Teatro alla Scala Orchestra & Chorus/Muti
EMI Classic 167282

Georges Bizet: Carmen / Act 1 - "Près des remparts de Séville" - "Tais-toi"
L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande/Thomas Schippers; Regina Resnik, s.; Mario del Monaco, t.
London 443871

Carmen / Act 2 - "Je vais danser en votre honneur" & "Au quartier! pour l'appel!"
L’Orchestre de la Suisse Romande/Thomas Schippers; Regina Resnik,s. Mario del Monaco, t.
London 443871

Django Reinhardt: Echoes of Spain
Django Reinhardt Band
JSP Records B00005A7KP

Program 5

Joseph Haydn, arr. R. Gaspar: Keyboard Trio No. 25 in G major, Hob. XV:25, "Gypsy Rondo"
Robo Gaspar Banda

Auschwitz fr. Latcho Drom Motion Picture soundtrack (excerpt)

Georges Enescu: Suite #3 - Moderato Malinconico, Ma Senza Lentezza Iosif Conta
Romanian RTV Orchestra
Marco polo 8.223146

Georges Enescu: Op. 11 - Romanian Rhapsody No. 2 in D major 
Royal Scottish National Orchestra/Neeme Järvi
Chandos 8947


Leo Weiner: No.5 Csüdöngölo Divertimento, Op. 20
Budapest Strings/ ároly Botvay
Cap 10528

Bela Bartok: Sonata for Unaccompanied Violin Op. 27 No. 4, III. Finale
Leila Josefowicz, v.
Philips 446 700

Maurice Ravel: Tzigane
Philadelphia Orchestra/Eugene Ormandy; Isaac Stern, v. 
Sony 45952

Johannes Brahms: Piano Quartet #1 In G Minor, Op. 25, IV.  Rondo Alla Zingarese
Gidon Kremer, v.; Yuri Bashmet, vla.; Mischa Maisky, vc.; Martha Argerich, p.
DG 483700

Django Reinhardt: Nuages


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