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Artists in Exile, Part I

Our two-week series titled Artists in Exile pays homage to Joseph Horowitz’s book that focuses on "how refugees from 20th-century war and revolution transformed the American arts.” In this program, you will hear stories of appreciation for a new country, but also of terrible loneliness that comes from being forced from one's home by political strife. Bill begins this week with a vacationing artist, Antonín Dvořák, before playing music from Serge Prokofiev, who fled the Soviet Union. This week will end with Hungarian Béla Bartók’s Concerto for Orchestra, written in America.

Program 1

Bill, with help from the book “Artists in Exile” by Joseph Horowitz, considers the work of composers exiled to America. He begins with a vacationing artist, Antonín Dvořák, before playing music from Ernest Bloch and Sergei Prokofiev, who fled the Soviet Union.

Dvorák: Quartet in F major, American, Op. 96, III (excerpt), II
Takács Quartet
Lon 430077
1:12, 7:38

Ernst Bloch: Schelemo
Israel Philharmonic/ Bernstein, Misha Maisky
DG 427347

Prokofiev: Love For Three Oranges Suite, Op. 33
National Symphony Orchestra/Slatkin
RCA 68801

Program 2

We focus on two artists who came to America via Hollywood: Erich Wolfgang Korngold and Miklós Rózsa. We hear Korngold’s Captain Blood and Rózsa’s Spellbound Concerto.

Korngold: Captain Blood (excerpts from the film score)
Main Title

Brandenburg Philharmonic Orchestra/Kaufman
Marco Polo 8.223607
2:49, 1:45, 1:37

Korngold: Violin Concerto in D, Op. 35 -
1. Moderato Nobile
2. Romance
3. Finale: Allegro Assai Vivace

Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra/ Wallenstein, Jascha Heifetz
Regis 1296
7:55, 7:14, 6:43

Rózsa: Theme, Variations and Finale (excerpt)
New Zealand Symphony Orchestra/Sedares
Koch 7191

Rózsa: Concerto for Piano "SpellBound"
London Promenade Orchestra/ Gerhardt, Earl Wild
Ivory Classics 70801

Rózsa: Violin Concerto, Op. 24, I
Dallas Symphony Orchestra/Hendl; Heifetz, v.
Sony 61752

Program 3

Sergei Rachmaninoff left Russia in 1917 and came to America in 1918. We hear music composed primarily in the 1930’s during Rachmaninoff’s tenure in the States, including his Symphonic Dances and Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini

Rachmaninoff: Symphony #3 In a minor, Op. 44, II
Philadelphia Orchestra/Dutoit
Decca 433181

Rachmaninoff: Symphonic Dances, II. Andante Con Moto
Russian State Symphony/ Polyansky
Brillant Classic 9071

Rachmaninoff: Rhapsody On A Theme Of Paganini, Op. 43
Chicago Symphony Orchestra/Reiner; Rubinstein, p.
RCA 68886

Schumann: Carnaval Op. 9 - 11 Chiarina
Sergei Rachmaninoff
RCA 88843073922

Rachmaninoff: Rhapsody On A Theme of Paganini (excerpt)
Philadelphia Orchestra/Stokowski; Rachmaninoff, p.
RCA 61265


Program 4

Igor Stravinsky, like Rachmaninoff, didn’t stay long in Russia. Stravinsky made his way to America in 1939. We hear from Symphony of Psalms and Jeu de Cartes.

Stravinsky: Symphony of Psalms, I & II
CBC Symphony Orchestra & Toronto Festival Singers/Stravinsky
Sony 64136

Stravinsky: Jeu de Cartes
CSO/ Solti
Decca 443775

Stravinsky: Concerto in E-Flat, Dumbarton Oaks
Ensemble InterContemporain/Boulez
DG 447405

Stravinsky: Four Norwegian Moods
New York Philharmonic/ Stravinsky
Sony G010003467464P
Purchase SImilar

Program 5

Béla Bartók moved to New York in 1940 after the death of his mother in Budapest. Music helped to revive Bartók during a spate of bad health. Bill plays excerpts from Concerto for Orchestra and Piano Concerto No. 3.

Bartók: Concerto For Orchestra, Sz. 116
I. Introduzione. Andante non troppo
II. "Presentando le Coppie". Allegro scherzando
III. "Elegia". Andante non troppo
IV. "Intermezzo Interrorro". Allegretto
V. Finale. Presto

Chicago Symphony Orchestra/Solti
Decca 470516
9:04, 12:45, 13:38
Purchase Similar

Bartok: Piano Concerto No. 3, BB 127, Sz. 119:

I. Allegretto (excerpt)

II. Adagio religioso

London Symphony Orchestra/ Boulez, Helene Grimaud

DG 000388502




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