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Game of Pairs, Part I

Haydn and Beethoven, Schumann and Brahms, Copland and Bernstein – these are just a few of the legendary artistic partnerships that have changed the course of musical history. With a tip of the hat to Bartók, we'll listen to some of the music that resulted from these illustrious collaborations and connections.

Program 1

Bill explores the way in which composers learn from the composers who came before them. We hear music from Vivaldi and how he influenced a young J.S. Bach, including in the Brandenburg Concerti.

Antonio Vivaldi: Violin Concerto No. 10, L’amoroso, in E Major, RV 271, I & II            
The English Concert/Andrew Manze, Manze; Manze, v.    
HM 907332       
Vivaldi: Concerto In B Minor For 4 Violins & Cello, Op. 3/10, RV 580, L’Estro Armonico       Academy Of Ancient Music/Christopher Hogwood; Monica Huggett, Catherine Mackintosh, Elizabeth Wilcock & John Holloway, violins          
OIS 433053       
Vivaldi: Concerto in A minor for 2 violins, RV 522, Op. 3 No. 8, III 
English Concert/Pinnock; Standage & Wilcock, vlns.
Archiv 447284   
:38, 3:17        
Johann Sebastian Bach: Organ Concerto In A Minor, BWV 593 
(After Vivaldi’s Concerto Op. 3 No. 8), III (excerpt)

Karl Richter, org.              
DG 469616
Bach: Italian Concerto, BWV 971          
Cyprien Katsaris, p.                  
Sony 66272         
Bach: Brandenburg Concerto No. 2 in F major, BWV 1047 
(rehearsal + complete performance)
Marlboro Festival Orchestra/Pablo Casals    
DHM 515305
2:26, 11:36

Program 2

We cover the connection between Haydn and Beethoven, starting with Beethoven’s strained apprenticeship with the older composer. Bill plays paired pieces including symphonies and string quartets from each. 


Haydn: Symphony #86 In D, H 1/86, I, IV (excerpt)
Sony 66296
7:58, :30

Beethoven: Symphony #1 In C, Op. 21, I, IV (excerpt)
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra/Herbert Von Karajan
DG 429089
9:28, :30

Haydn: String Quartet #25 In C, Op. 20/2, H 3/32, I
Lindsay String Quartet
ASV 622

Beethoven: String Quartet In F, Op. 59/1, Razumovsky, I
Emerson String Quartet
DG 447075

Haydn: Symphony #45 In F Sharp Minor, H 1/45, Farewell, I
Austro-Hungarian Haydn Orchestra/Fischer
London 478221

Beethoven: Symphony #5 In C Minor, Op. 67, I
Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra/Carlos Kleiber
DG 447400

Program 3

Bill continues his examination of the relationship between Haydn and Beethoven, focusing on two particular symphonies from each. We’ll hear Haydn’s Symphony No. 88 and Beethoven’s Symphony No. 7 side by side with Bill’s commentary.

Haydn: String Quartet No. 27 in D, Op. 20 No. 4, II (excerpt)
Angeles String Quartet
Philips 464650

Haydn: Symphony No. 88, I, II (excerpt), III (excerpts), IV
Chicago Symphony Orchestra/Fritz Reiner        
RCA 60729    
:23, :35, 1:10, :26, 1:16, 3:27,              

Beethoven: Symphony #7 In A, Op. 92, I, II, III, IV
Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra/Carlos Kleiber        
DG 447400     
13:33, 8:08, 8:13, :11, 8:36
Haydn: Symphony No. 22 in E flat, The Philosopher, I (excerpt)    
Lausanne Chamber Orchestra/Jesús López-Cobos
Denon 75660

Program 4

We move to Robert Schumann and Johannes Brahms, and the friendship between the two composers. Bill brings in outside expertise from professors Harold Bloom and Richard Taruskin.


Robert Schumann: F. A. E. Sonata, Intermezz
Ilya Kaler, v.; Boris Slutsky. p. 
Naxos 8.550870 

Johannes Brahms: F. A. E. Sonata, Op. 5, Scherzo Pinchas Zukerman, v.; Daniel Barenboim p.
DG 453121 

Schumann: Quartet for Piano, Violin, Viola & Cello in E-flat Major, Op. 47, III        
Juilliard Quartet; Glenn Gould, p.
Sony 52684

Brahms: Trio In B Major, Op. 8, I 
Artur Rubinstein, p.; Jascha Heifetz, v.; Emanuel Feuermann, vc. 
RCA 61763

Schumann: Concerto in A minor for Piano and Orchestra, Op. 54- I. Allegro Affettuoso    Cleveland Orchestra/George Szell; Leon Fleisher, p.
Sony 92751

Brahms: Piano Concerto #1 In D Minor, Op. 15, I (excerpt)
Cleveland Orchestra/George Szell; Rudolf Serkin, p.
CBS 37803

Schumann: Davidsbundler Dances, Opus 6- II. Innig (excerpt)       
Joseph Kalichstein, p.       
Koch 7732 

Program 5

The first part of the Game of Pairs ends with more music from Schumann and Brahms. Bill points out influences of Schumann in Brahms’ third symphony.

Schumann: Arabeske, Op. 18
Evgeny Kissin, p.
Sony 52567

Schumann: “Im Wundershonen Monat Mai” & “Aus Meinen Tranen Spriessen” from Dichterliebe
Bo Skovhus, bar.; Helmut Deutsch, p.
Sony 62372

Schumann: Symphony No. 3 in E-flat Major, Op. 97, Rhenish
  I. Lebhaft
  IV. Feierlich

Cleveland Orchestra/George Szell
Sony 62349

Brahms: Symphony #3 In F, Op. 90, I & IV
Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra/Claudio Abbado
DG 429765

Brahms: “Unbewegte Laue Luft”, Op. 57/8
Lorraine Hunt Lieberson, ms.; Peter Serkin, p.
HM 907500


The Exploring Music streaming website is supported by Mr. & Mrs. William Gardner Brown and the Richard P. and Susan Kiphart Family.  
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