- Program List
Below are many of the more than 200 five-hour 'weeks' of Exploring Music that have been created since 2003. To sort through the shows by composers Click Here. To see the Playlist for a given show, click on the show and then on the 'playlist' button beneath any of the five one-hour programs.
AACTIVE 3/1 - 3/14 Ravel, MauriceAmerican Masters, Part I American Masters, Part II American Masters, Part IIIAmerican Masters, Part IVAmerican Masters, Part V American Masters, Part VIAn Intelligent Conversation: String Quartets Arias & BarcarollesArtists in Exile, Part IArtists in Exile, Part II Autumn Leaves Autumnal Masterpieces BBach Sleeps in on SundaysBach to BeethovenBach's Christmas Oratorio Bach's Not-So-Minor B-Minor MassBallad of East and West Baltic MusicBarber, SamuelBartok, BelaBeethoven and that Danged MetronomeBeethoven and the PianoBeethoven at Parnassus, Part IBeethoven at Parnassus, Part IIBeethoven Piano SonatasBeethoven Quartets Berlioz, HectorBernstein, Leonard: The ComposerBill's Keepers Boulanger, NadiaBrahms, Johannes, Part IBrahms, Johannes, Part IIBritten, Benjamin Bruckner, Anton CCall for ScoresCarnegie Hall, Part 1Carnegie Hall, Part 2Cello Concertos Child's PlayChopin, FredericClash of the Titans Clash of the Titans, part 2Clowning AroundCopland, Aaron Corigliano, JohnCzech out those Bohemians DDebussy, Claude Demons, Spooks and Other Things That Go Bump in the NightDirector's ChoiceDistant Neighbors Don't Shoot the Piano PlayerDvořák, AntoninDvorak, Tchaikovsky & Borodin String Quartets EElgar, EdwardEmotion and Meaning in MusicEnescu, GeorgesEspañaFFamilies of Instruments Family Matters: All in the FamilyFauré, GabrielFit for a KingFleisher, LeonFour SeasonsFranck, CésarFrom the Mountains to the SeaFrom This Mighty River: Music of the Children of J S BachGGame of Pairs, Part I Game of Pairs, Part IIGershwin, GeorgeGet the PictureGitana: Gypsy Music and Its InfluencesGreen and Pleasant Land Grieg and SibeliusHHandel, George FridericHaydn and Mozart QuartetsHaydn SymphoniesHidden Gold, Part IHidden Gold, Part IIHHindemith, PaulHit or MythHoliday CelebrationHomageHow Strange the Change from Major to Minor, Part IHow Strange the Change from Major to Minor, Part IIII Didn't Know About YouI Hear a Rhapsody I Hear America SingingI Lost it at the MoviesIn a Family WayIncidentally SpeakingIntimate Conversations: Conversations with Samuel Rhodes and David FinckelInvitation to the Dance, Part IInvitation to the Dance, Part II Invitation to the Dance, Part IIIIt Takes Two to TangoIt Was a Lover and His Lass Italian SouvenirsJJanáček, LeošKKeyboard SmorgasbordLLatin CarnivalLes Cinq PlusLes SixLet me Tell you a Story, part 1Let me Tell you a Story, part 2Life Among the Dead: Requiem MassesListener's Choice, Part IIListener's Choice, Part III Liszt, FranzLittle Night Music Little Traveling Music, Please London, The Music of, Part 1London, The Music of, Part 2MMaestro, Part IMaestro, Part IIMagnificent MagyarsMahler, Gustav, Part IMahler, Gustav, Part IIMaiden Voyages Marlboro MusicMartha Graham and her MusicMendelssohn, FelixMendelssohn, Schumann and Brahms String QuartetsMerrie EnglandMillennium of Women in MusicMozart at his ZenithMozart Piano ConcertosMozart's Birthday BashMozart: Bright Lights, Big CityMusic for the MassesMusic from the Magic Box Music in 19th Century Paris: Waterloo to Bismarck Music in the Time of WarMusic of ScandinaviaMusical CryptogramsMusical LandscapesNNationalismNew Releases, Part INew Releases, Part IINew Releases, Part III, week 1 of 2New Releases, Part III, week 2 of 2 New Wine in Old Bottles Nielsen, Carl Ninth SymphoniesNobody Ever Builds a Statue to a CriticOOrpheus in the New World Outward BoundPPacific Overtures, Part 1Pacific Overtures, Part 2Pastoral SymphoniesPiano ConcertosPolandPorts of Call, Part I Ports of Call, Part II Poulenc, FrancisProkofiev, SergeiProud Tower, Part IProud Tower, Part IIRRachmaninoff, SergeiRavel, Maurice Respighi, OttorinoRimsky-Korsakov and His PupilsRoaring 20's Russian Five: The Mighty Handful SSchool DaysSchubert String QuartetsSchubertiade, Part ISchubertiade, Part IISchuman, WilliamSchumann, Robert Shakespeare Shostakovich, Dmitri, Part IShostakovich, Dmitri, Part IISlipped Through the Cracks Songs of PartingSounds of the City of Lights SoundtracksSpanish SchoolSpring is Here St-Saëns, Camille St. Matthew PassionStrauss, RichardStravinsky, IgorString Quartets from Fibich to SibeliusStrings Plus OneSweet Home Chicago Symphony, Part 01Symphony, Part 02Symphony, Part 03Symphony, Part 04Symphony, Part 05Symphony, Part 06 (French)Symphony, Part 07 (Russian)Symphony, Part 08Symphony, Part 09Symphony, Part 10 (Alexander Scriabin to Samuel Barber)Symphony, Part 11Symphony, Part 12Symphony, Part 13 (Symphonic Music During World War II)TTchaikovsky, Peter, Part ITchaikovsky, Peter, Part IIThe Big Five I: Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Part IThe Big Five II: New York Philharmonic, Part IThe Big Five II: New York Philharmonic, Part IIThe Gathering Storm: Music from the Great Depression to WWIIThe Sweet SpotThrough the Mail SlotTo the Finland Station, Part ITo the Finland Station, Part IITone Poems Too Darn BigTriple PlayTudor MusicTwo Very Different Worlds Delius and HolstUUnder the Hood, Part IUnder the Hood, Part II Unfinished Symphonies VVariationsVaughan Williams, RalphVenice: The Glories ofVerdi, Giuseppe, Part IVerdi, Giuseppe, Part IIVienna, Part IVienna, Part II ViolaViolin Concerto Virtuoso, The World ofVoices from the EastWWagner's Ring CycleWagner, RichardWalton, WilliamWater MusicWhat Else Ya Got?Wind QuintetsWunderkinder, Part IWunderkinder, Part IIYYin and Yang: The Play of Opposites, Part 1Yin and Yang: The Play of Opposites, Part 2You and the Night and the Music
- Listen to the Show
- About Exploring Music
Russian Five: The Mighty Handful
Five prominent composers; Balakirev, Mussorgsky, Cui, Borodin, and Rimsky-Korsakov all worked to help form the Russian National School of Composers, which later was named The New Russian School. These five composers, led by Mily Balakirev, all lived in Saint Petersburg and collaborated from 1856 to 1870. Throughout these programs Bill will research each of these composers and demonstrate some of their most prominent works.
By the middle of the 19th century, operas get an infusion of Slavic soul as Glinka, the "George Washington" of Russian music, dreamt of creating a Russian national opera. Interestingly enough, many of the great Russian composers were not child prodigies like Chopin and Mozart, but naval officers, chemists and doctors with a latent talent in music.
What did Balakirev, Borodin and Cui have in common? A love of oriental tones, as can be heard in the following pieces.
Sheremetiev: “Nine sili nebesniye” (excerpt)
Glinka: Overture to A Life for the Tsar
USSR Symphony Orchestra/Svetlanov
Glinka: A Life for the Tsar, Act IV (excerpt)
Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra/Ermler; Nesterenko, b.
Mel 74321 39505 2
Glinka, arr. Balakirev: Kamarinskaya (excerpt)
Phil 456 706-2
Borodin: In the Steppes of Central Asia
Cui: Orientale, Op. 50, No. 9 from Kaleidoscope
Midori, v., McDonald, p.
Bonynge, p.; Sutherland, s.
Lon 430 006-2
Bordin's real name would have been Prince Alexander Gedianov, but since father Prince Luka was not married to his morther, he took the name of a serf. Borodin attended a prestigious military academy and graduated with a degree in science and medicine. He was a distinguished chemist and doctor until Balakirev, his mentor, convinced him to write a symphony, even offering a helping hand.
A distinguishing characteristic of the Russian Five is the integration of folk tunes into classical music, and the beginning of Borodin's second symphony hints at Eastern influence.
Balakirev: Symphony No. 2 (excerpts)
Borodin: Symphony No. 1, I
Borodin: Symphony No. 2, I
USSR Symphony Orchestra/Svetlanov
Borodin: String Quartet No. 2, II
Mel 47795 2
Borodin: Polovtsian Dances fr. Prince Igor
Kirov Opera Orchestra & Chorus/Gergiev
Bortnyansky: “Retche Gospod Gospodevi moyemu” (excerpt)
Born in 1839, Modest Mussorgsky went to the same military academy as Borodin, who once called Mussorgsky "an elegant, piano-playing dilettante.
"Mussorgsky's "The Nursery" was dedicated to Dargomizhsky, who was his teacher. "Pictures at an Exhibition" are musical vignettes based off Viktor Hartmann's drawings and paintings.
During this second half of the 1800s, Csar Alexander II pushed for Russia's progressiveness, USA bought Alaska from Russia, and the Russian Five founded a free conservatory with purely Russian music.
USSR Symphony Orchestra opens with Mussorgsky's tone poem, "Dawn on the Moskva River," from the unfinished Khovantschina opera. The listener can imagine "the red light of dawn over the Red Square, the bells calling the faithful to the church." His completed opera, Boris Godunov, performed by the National Symphony Orchestra, is considered to be Mussorgsky's masterpiece.
Mussorgsky: Dawn on the Moskva River fr. Khovantschina
USSR Symphony Orchestra/Svetlanov
Mel 34167 2
Mussorgsky: Boris Godunov (excerpts)
National Symphony Orchestra/Rostropovich
17:30, 11:04, 16:29
Beethoven: Quartet for Strings No. 8, Op. 59 No. 2, Razumovsky (excerpt)
The youngest of the Five, naval officer Nikolai Rimsy-Korsakov only "tinkered" with music until a fateful meeting with Balakirev at age 17. Not wasting any time, his newfound teacher ordered Nikolai to compose a symphony right away. It was completed during a six-year service at sea.
Orchestral balance stems from Rimsky's "scientific approach" to studying the sound of music. In one of his experiments, he found that 12 violins were needed to compete with the sound of one trumpet.
The best is saved for last: a beloved and intricate showpiece of musicians to this day, the famous "Flight of the Bumblebee."
Nikolsky: “Lord, you are my enlightenment” (excerpt)
Rimsky-Korsakov: Schehreazade (excerpts)
2:07, 11:40, 5:39
Rimsky-Korsakov: Symphony No. 2, Antar, I
Rimsky-Korsakov: Overture fr. The Maid of Pskov
Kirov Theatre Orchestra & Chorus/Gergiev
Rimsky-Korsakov: Capriccio Espagnole, IV & V
LSO/Mackerras; Gaehler, v.
Rimsky-Korsakov: The Flight of the Bumblebee